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Comparatives / Superlatives


THE COMPARATIVE vs. THE SUPERLATIVE


COMPARATIVES

SUPERLATIVES

MAIN USE


Comparatives are used to compare two things and to highlight the superiority, inferiority, or equality of one term compared to another.

For comparisons in larger groups, you must use the superlative. The superlative designates extremes: the best, the first, the worst, the last, etc.

SUPERIORITYa) Short adjectives: adj + -ER THAN
Peter is taller than Sandra.

b) Long adjectives: MORE + adj + THAN
A Ferrari is more expensive than a Mini.

a) Short adjectives: THE + adj -EST
Tom is the tallest boy of the school.

b) Long adjectives: THE MOST + adjective
This is the most pleasant place on Earth!

EQUALITYShort & long adjectives:
AS... adjective... AS
English is as easy as German.
Doesn't exist
INFERIORITYShort & long adjectives:
LESS + adjectif + THAN
July is less cold than January.
Short & long adjectives:
THE LEAST + adjective
This is the least interesting movie of the year!

NOTES:

Short adjectives: 1 syllable (eg: young) + 2-syllable adjectives ending in -y (eg: pretty)
Long adjectives: all the other adjectives

COMPARATIVES:
> If the adjective ends in '--y' the 'y' becomes 'i' : heavy --> heavier
> If the adjective ends in '--e' only an 'r' is needed: wise --> wiser
> If the adjective ends with 'single vowel + consonant' the consonant is doubled and one adds '--er' : big --> bigger
> Some very common adjectives have irregular comparatives: good --> better | bad --> worse | far --> farther


SUPERLATIVES:
Irregular forms:         good --> the best ·        bad --> the worst ·        far --> the farthest

TEST

Sentences 1 to 6 : comparatives
Sentences 7 and 8: superlatives





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1. Sandra is (+ pretty) Sophia.
2. This song is (+ good) the previous one.
3. My boat is (= expensive) your boat.
4. This book is (= bad) that one.
5. Jurassic Park is (- frightening) Star Wars.
6. The Lost World is (- good) Jurassic Park I.

7. Peter is (+ intelligent) student in the school!
8. This museum is (- interesting) place of the town.








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