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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #102887: Endangered species
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Animals | Nature [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Animals (video) - Animals - In the sea - Animals and pictures - Animals - Animals - Fruit-trees - In the garden-vocabulary
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Endangered species


    ENDANGERED SPECIES

     

    Polar Bear in the arctic

     

     

     

    In 2008, the USA listed the polar bear as a threatened (menacé) species.

    Synonym of threatened: thwarted (contrarié, contrecarré)

    Sea ice melts in the arctic from global warming. Polar bears that depend on ice flows are prevented from roaming (errer), hunting prey, and building dens (tanière).

    Synonym of roaming: wandering

     

    The Sumatra’s Rhino

     

     

     

    It is the most endangered species in the world and the situation has worsened (empire).

    Synonyms of worsens: gets worse, aggravates

    The rhino is still killed by poachersfor its horn which is coveted by Chinese people for its therapeutic and hypothetical aphrodisiac properties.

     

    Whale spotted in Cod Bay

     

     

     

    This remnant population continues to suffer from climate change that has an impact on krill (a type of tiny shrimp), whales’ favourite feed. In addition, they often become entangled, or ensnared in fishing gear and mortally wounded.

     

    Hanksbill turtle in Asia, Africa, South and North-America

     

     

     

    Despite their current protection, they are much coveted in China for their carapaces which are transformed into a wide range of items and jewelleries. Chinese people have even opened a market for tortoise shells.

    In addition, like the whales, they die ensnared in fishing nets. Most of the time fishermen get rid of the dying turtles over board.

    Synonym of get rid of: throw out

     

    Gorilla in Rwanda

     

     

     

    It is true that they are powerful creatures. They are also gentle and affectionate. Mountain gorillas are easygoing  vegetarians who lead a peaceful life. Scientists estimate that there are about 600 individuals in east-central Africa. They are endangered from habitat loss and poaching. Today, they face a new threat, the aftermathof a civil war in Rwanda in the early 1990s, creating refugee camps with 750,000 people, living on the borders of the gorillas' reserves. The increase in human population has reduced much of their natural rainforests which is clear cut and turned into croplands .

     

    Cheetahs

     

     

     

    Cheetahs  are facing a high risk of extinction.

    It is the world’s fastest land animal. It can run 70 kilometres per hour but is well known as a clumsy fighter compared to other predators. Nowadays, the cheetah population has halved in ten years. Loss of habitat, lack of vast territories and loss of genetic variations are the main threats facing the cheetahs.

    Synonym of halved: reduced by half

     

    Baby seal

     

     

     

    They are less than three months old when hunters slaughter them. It is the most cruel and horrible slaughter  in the world, on the threshold of unbearable. Sealers smash baby seals’ skulls with a heavy bludgeon before skinning them, leaving their bloody corpses on the sea ice.

     

    From: Wikipedia & my own work

     






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    English exercise "Endangered species" created by taiji43 with The test builder
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    1. Shrinking sea ice prevents the polar bear from its icy kingdom.

    2. In China, horns are frenetically to be turned into Asian medications and aphrodisiac powder.

    3. Rescue efforts are by poachers who get into protected reserves illegally.

    4. Turtles and whales are often in fishing gear and suffocate to death.

    5. When fishermen discover turtles in their nets, they them by throwing them over board.

    6. Cheetahs confronted with loss habitat and genetic variation has its population.

    7. Baby seals are by hunters with a heavy bludgeon.

    8. This slaughter is .

    9. The cute baby seal is slaughtered and by hunters to get possession of its fur.









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