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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #105839: Too (much/many) or Enough
Too (much/many) or Enough
1) TOO : (TOO MANY/MUCH)
This adverb is placed before an adjective, or an adverb and it changes their meanings. It is used in affirmative clauses.
ex : I'm too tired to work => TOO + adjective
ex : This player is too fast ! I stand no chance of winning ... => TOO + adverb
In front of an uncountable noun (something that you can't count : butter, paint, happiness ...) the adjectives : 'much'/'little' : ('too much' ; 'too little') are added (an adverb CANNOT modify a noun !)
ex : Don't you think there's too much paint on this brush.
TOO MUCH/ LITTLE + uncountable NOUN
In front of an uncountable, the adjectives 'many'/'few' : (' too many' ; 'too few') must be added.
ex : There are are too many books on this shelf : It's going to collapse.
TOO MANY/FEW + countable NOUN in the plural
2) ENOUGH :
This adverb is often quite problematic to you ... It must be admitted that the word is quite tricky and mischievous to foreigners ...
* The adverb ENOUGH is used with an adjective (1), an adverb (2) or a verb (3). In those three cases, it is placed AFTER the adjective, the adverb or the verb. It is often used in a negative clause.
- ex 1 : I won't let him go out tonight ; He's not mature enough.
- ex 2 : You didn't run fast enough to escape and were imprisoned immediately !
- ex 3 : I haven't slept enough ... I'm really exhausted ...
* Placed after an adjective, it is often followed by an infinitive :
- ex : Don't tell him your secret ... He's not old enough to understand.
* In a sentence with two different subjects to introduce the complement of an adjective added to 'enough', it is followed by an infinitive clause introduced by 'for' and indicates a purpose, an aim.
- ex : She isn't old enough for us to allow her to get married now.
* ENOUGH used with a noun is a determiner and therefore, it precedes the noun.
ex : There isn't enough tea left ... I'll run to the shop to buy some ...
* ' Enough is enough! ' : This phrase, which is very often badly interpreted by foreigners, expresses irritation, exasperation ; In French, it equals 'Trop, c'est trop !' and not : ' Assez, c'est assez.' People whose mother-tongue is neither English nor French should check in their dictionaries ...
These four examples are to be learnt by heart ( 8 words !). I you do so, you'll never hesitate again in front of 'enough' !
ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH => 'rich enough'
ADVERB + ENOUGH => 'fast enough'
VERB + ENOUGH => 'not eaten enough'
but : ENOUGH + NOUN => 'enough patience'
Ready for the exercise ? Good luck !
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