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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #108479: Dream Holiday 1/2
Dream Holiday 1/2
1) A REMINDER OF THE USUAL TENSES in the active form:
Remember, the tense of narration is the simple past:
ex: Alison went to an island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean for a holiday. It looked like Paradise.
* IMPORTANT ! If an action happened before a simple past, it must be in the past perfect simple (or in -ing if the speaker wants to insist on the duration of the action.)
had + verb in the pastparticiple or had + been + verb + ing
ex : Many Americans had been coming on holiday here since the creation of the resort.
* You'll use the conditional : would + verb and the past conditional: would + have + past participle if the main clauses are in the preterite, or in the past perfect.
ex: Life was so pleasant here that people would have thought they were in Paradise!
* If you need to use a modal auxiliary can => could indicate a physical or intellectual ability, a capacity, and a permission in informal language.
and may(=> might) express either a permission or a possibility.
must(=> have to) indicate either an obligation, a duty, or near certainty.
should expresses advice given or 'what would be good to exist' ...
ex: Alison shouldn't order expensive drinks or food... She can't afford them!
2) In the test illustrating this lesson, you will realise that a great number of actions are endured by the different subjects :
they are in the passive form!
ex: People were lying on recliners which were protected from the sun by hoods or smaller umbrellas.
In this sentence, 'the people were lying' and 'the recliners were protected', we can notice that in English like in French, the auxiliary that's used, is 'to be', that of the passive form, used in the different tenses.
ex: The drinks will be ordered (simple future) to the 'beach butler', and the bills had to be signed (modal in the past), in order to be paid (past infinitive) on departure.
ex: If you asked anything, your wish would be fulfilled (past conditional) by the 'beach butler' !
Do not forget that the complement introduced by 'by', is the agent (the subject doing the action!).
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