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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #109108: Whose and use
Whose and use
1) THE RELATIVE PRONOUN: WHOSE: is mostly used in written language and expresses A POSSESSION OR A FAMILY LINK.
It is immediately followed by a noun (the possessed object), WITHOUT ANY ARTICLE. This noun can be a subject or a complement.
ex : The man whose name I always forget came to see you this morning...
ex: The girl whose T-shirt is red is Bob's girl friend.
Whose is the genitive case, or 'the possessive case' of 'who' (its antecedent is always a human being.) 'Whose' is very often used, even if the antecedent is neutral (a thing or an object) so as to avoid the very clumsy and heavy purist form ('the .... of which'...) test
ex : My room is the one whose window is open.
In everyday and familiar conversation, this 'ungrammatical whose' is most of the time replaced by an expression which has the same meaning.
ex : My room is the one with the open window. = The room which has an open window is mine ....
2) THE INTERROGATIVE: WHOSE :
A) THE INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE: WHOSE, the genitive of WHO, is once again followed by the noun representing the possessed object or the family member we want to know, WITHOUT ANY ARTICLE.
ex : Whose son is Patrick?
ex : Whose bike is this, Mike's or Jordan's?
B) When it has the function of an interrogative adjective, the noun preceding WHOSE may be a subject or a complement. It is also used in direct or indirect interrogative clauses.
ex : Finally, he told me whose car he had borrowed!
ex : Whose mobile phone did you use? Yours is in my bag.
C) WHOSE is also frequently used as an INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN (it replaces a noun) especially when the verb which follows is: to be
ex : Whose is this splendid house?
ex : Whose is this? It's mine.
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