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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #109392: Doing, Do, To do...
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Speaking | Infinitive | -ing [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - On the phone - Adjectives-ing and ed - Interacting with someone - Dialogue : What time...? - Infinitive clause - FOR and its use - Eating out-Vocabulary - Differences between Like and As
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Doing, Do, To do...


    Experience has taught me that it's quite difficult for students to make a difference and to know when to use the gerund, the infinitive, and the present participle. I do hope this lesson will help you! 

     

    1) 'DOING' => 'Verb + ing'  = Present Participle: 

    The present participle is mainly used to build - ing forms. It indicates an action in progress, which is, or was, taking place in the present. It can be used alone but can also express a cause.

    ex : Paul was working (1) in the garden when he saw his friend entering (2) the house. 

    (1) = ( preterite in - ing) - (2) =(action in progress, following a verb of  involontary perception).

    - when used like an adjective, it has an active meaning : the person is doing the action.'

    ex : After hearing  such a boring lecture, it was comforting to hear Steve's speech... It was so interesting ! 

     

    2) THE ACTION of DOING= an Infinitive in French: 

    Doing, swimming, singing = the fact of doing, of swimming, of singing... =  Here, the French infinitive must be turned into a GERUND, a kind of verbal noun. It corresponds to a noun when current activities are concerned.  

    (Swimming, readinghorse riding, cooking...)

    The gerund can be a subject, a predicate, or object complement. It can also be following a preposition

    ex : Walking is much better for your health than driving. 

    ex : Do you like horse riding? I've never practised it. 

    ex : Don't go without leaving your name and phone number.

     

    3) TO DO; SO AS TO DO; IN ORDER TO DO= Expressing an aim: 

    As a whole,  'in order to + infinitive' = TO + INFINITIVE ; in a little more formal style SO AS TO ... or IN ORDER TO are also used...

    ex : In order to be fit, you should exercise a little every day...

    BEWARE!    In the negative form: take care of the right order: not to...,  so as not to...in order not to ...



                                             


    Well well! I hope you'll be quite careful... Here's the test!  Go for it! 




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    1. Mommy, is really difficult for me ... you know!
    2. I'd be glad very well before going to the south with Grannie, this summer...

    3. Swimming is ! I must have a rest every five minutes, after a few strokes!

    4. If you want to learn well, a coach will give you a few lessons.

    5. After for a few hours, I'm sure you'll swim like a mermaid!

    6. Well, Mom, efficient, I think I'll progress more quickly with a new light blue swimming suit...

    7. In order water through your nose, I you to wear a nose clip and... of course, goggles to protect your eyes!

    8. I've seen all the swimmers caps. You can't get into the pool without one!

    9. No, Susie! your water goggles to the lessons isn't necessary! Goggles are provided by the coach!

    10. As for a diving mask, a snorkel and oxygen bottles... that can wait a little! Believe me!









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