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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #109786: Sickness and diseases
Sickness and diseases
Use the following words to describe sickness.
Catch (verb) – This word is used specially for cold, flu and pneumonia.
Ex: About 20% of people catch flu every year in the United States.
Get (verb) - For any disease
Ex: You often get fever, please consult your doctor.
Come down with (Idiom) -To get an illness that is not serious, like cold.
Ex: I came down with a cold and couldn't go to the office.
Contract (verb) – This word is formal and medical; it is used especially for serious and deadly diseases, like HIV , Aids or viruses.
Ex: You can contract HIV through unprotected sex with an infected person.
Be infected with (expression) – For viruses or HIV
Ex: If a pregnant woman is infected with HIV, the infection can pass to her child.
Develop (verb) - to begin to have a disease like cancer, ulcer, asthma,diabetes, rash, hepatitis etc.
Ex: He developed cancer six months ago.
Have (verb) – For any disease
Ex: He had a heart attack as he entered the office.
Provoke (verb) – to cause allergic reaction
Ex: Intense sunlight provokes allergic reaction on my skin.
Feel (verb) - aware of sensation
Ex: I feel nauseous.
Run a temperature/run a fever (idioms) -continue to have a fever/ a temperature
Ex: My daughter is running a fever so I won't send her to school today.
Suffer from (expression) -badly affected by a disease which is permanent, yet a person can feel well sometimes.
Ex: He is suffering from asthma.
Battle/fight (verbs) -to try very hard with a difficult situation or a disease.
Ex: You have to be honest with yourself if you are fighting alcoholism.
Be laid up with/ be in bed with(expressions) - Both expressions mean lying down on bed when ill.
Ex: I have been laid up with cold since yesterday. / I have been in bed with cold since yesterday.
Choose the correct verb or expression:
Catch, get, provoke, in bed with, have,battling, develop, suffering from, infected with, come down with, feel, running a temperature, contract.
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