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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #109790: Future and Conditional
Future and Conditional
THE SIMPLE FUTURE and THE CONDITIONAL
Let's go back to bases... This lesson is meant to be for Beginners who can't build, or use, the Future and the Conditional.
For more details, you will go and revise the already existing excellent lessons test test. Yet, keeping in mind the questions on the Forum about these 'tenses', I really consider it important for many of you to come back to fundamentals!
Be careful, and you'll succeed! Go for it!
1) THE SIMPLE FUTURE is used to express some actions which will take place at a precise moment of the future:
a) The affirmative form: you just have to add WILL (the auxiliary of the future, often reduced to ‘ll,) to the main verb => FUTURE = Subject + WILL + Verb.
ex :Tomorrow, he'll become a citizen, and will have a national ID.
b) In the negative form: you simply have to add NOT between the auxiliary of the future: WILL and the main verb => WILL NOT => WON'T
ex : No! He will never help you, even if you ask him.
c) The interrogative form, is very simple too. WILL is an auxiliary. Therefore, you only have to invert the order of the subject and auxiliary so that you get : WILL + SUBJECT + VERB?
ex : Will they come with us for a picnic on Sunday?
BEWARE: In the interrogative form, SHALL can often be found to express a suggestion, an offer:
ex : Shall we go to the cinema tomorrow? There's a new film out
d) The Future Perfect is used to mention an action which will have been accomplished at a precise moment of the future.
ex : I hope you will have met a lot of wonderful people during your stay in the USA.
2) THE CONDITIONAL: doesn't really exist (as a tense) in English.
* in a sentence where the context and the main clause are in the past, WOULD, the auxiliary of the 'conditional' replaces ‘will' => conditional = subject + WOULD + verb.
ex : He said he would help you, and for sure, he will !
* In :pgb , the first persons of the singular and the plural are sometimes used with SHALL (in the future) and SHOULD (in the ‘conditional'), especially in formal language.
SHALL and SHOULD often express a nuance of necessity imposed by an element from the outside, whereas WILL and WOULD rather insist on the willpower of the subject.
ex : I wanted him to help you, but he wouldn't ! .
* The ‘past conditional' or‘conditional perfect' is built with : WOULD + HAVE + past participle of the verb; the main clause is in the past perfect.
ex : Really, I would have understood if you had explained a little more to me.
: Never forget that the future, the conditional, the future perfect and the past conditional cannot be used after the temporal subordinate conjunctions [as soon as, as long as, when, after, before, once, while...] (see lesson test).
There you are! Now, you have all the elements to face this test! Go for it ... I hope I'll have helped a little!
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