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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #110125: Interrogative clauses
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Speaking | Direct/Indirect speech | Questions [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Present simple - Questions : how to ask them - On the phone - Interacting with someone - Dialogue : What time...? - Ask the question - Eating out-Vocabulary - Differences between Like and As
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    Interrogative clauses


     

    1) In order to build the direct interrogative form of a clause using an auxiliary verb  (be - have),

    or a modal auxiliary (can/could, may/might, must, should, shall,will),the verb must be placed before the subject.

    It's a simple 'verb-subject inversion': auxiliary + subject +complements + ?

         -  Were you happy with him and are you happy now?   

    -  Should I bring my own bicycle or will you lend me one?  

    -  Has he got a green car or a blue one ? 

     

     

    2) For the other verbs in the present or in the simple past, the auxiliary do/did or a modal one must be used:

    DO/DOES/DID/auxiliary/ + subject + verb ?

    -  Did you come by bus or by car?  

          Does your brother prefer meat, or fish? 

         -  Where do you live when your parents are away? 

     

    2) For the other verbs in the present or in the simple past, the auxiliary do/did must be used:

    DO/DOES/DID + subject + verb ?

     Did you come by bus or by car?  

         - Does your brother prefer meat, or fish? 

         - Where do you live when your parents are away? 

     

       'Have' may be considered as a normal verb; in that case, it will need ‘DO/DOES/DID' or a modal as an auxiliary.

           - Did he have his ID when he was arrested? Of course he did!

    B) INDIRECT INTERROGATIVE FORM:

    Used after a verb like 'to ask', 'to wonder' ( = to ask oneself), to know (in the interrogative and negative forms, mainly),

    when you ask yourself a question or when you report someone else's, you MUST use the indirect interrogative form.


    The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, etc) and

    THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE.

    There must be no question mark at the end of the sentence.

    ex:  I wonder where she lives, but she wouldn't say it...

    ex:  I don't know what she really means. 

    ex : He doesn't know where they will get off the bus. Don't forget to tell him! 

    Be very careful... Misplacing the subject and the verb is a very frequent and serious mistake... 

     





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    1. Look at the kids playing... Do you think tired, one day?


    2. I wonder what to have so much energy.


    3. Tell me what , and who you are with.


    4. She keeps asking herself whether or not.


    5. Do you remember what colour ?


    6. I really can't tell how old ... We'll have to ask him.


    7. Do you know where the remote control? I want to watch TV.


    8. I'd like to go to the railway station. Can you tell me where ?


    9. Is her hair blond or brown? I wonder if dyed...


    10. Don't you know if going to come tonight?










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