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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #113561: Vocabulary: tasting and enjoying
Vocabulary: tasting and enjoying
Every person can appreciate the different tastes of the food they eat or try in their mouths. Of course, the teeth are part of the process, cutting, pulling, grinding the food, they participate in its appreciation. Our gums must of course be clean and healthy. We mustn't forget that our noses play a part in this gustative process...
However, the real organ of "taste" is our tongue and it also helps to recognize our food and appreciate it.
As late as 2009, worldwide scientists still believed in a sort of cartography of our tongue which was supposed to be divided into specific zones to appreciate the different tastes. This phenomenon has now been denied and all the different zones of the tongue are known to be able to detect and appreciate the different tastes.
There are five tastes: sweet (sweetness), salty (saltiness), sour/ acrid (sourness/acridity), bitter (bitterness) and "umami" (umami) which corresponds to a discovery of the beginning of the 20th century. This fifth taste was identified in Asian food and is supposed to be the reason for old people's remarkable good health in the Asian Continent. It's an appetitive taste (sometimes considered as a food additive); added to other elements, it would guarantee a balanced nutrition and therefore the promise of long and harmonious health.
In the mouth, the food we eat chemically reacts thanks to taste receptive cells situated on the "papillae" (taste buds) of the tongue and the mouth.
The papillae of the tongue (taste buds)
What does it taste like?
But it can also be ....
It can be delicious... but it can be acrid .... or even sickening!
You can also taste in a figurative way...
A few expressions!
- Taste the difference!
- It has great taste in small bites. = It's quite good, if you don't eat too much of it.
- To leave a sour taste; an "after taste".
- There's no accounting for tastes... = Everyone can have their own tastes.
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