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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #113783: Vocabulary + Would + regret: the little tree 1/2
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Conditional and hypothesis | Tales [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Conditional - Conditional clauses - Hypothetical sentences: tenses - Fairy tales and legends-Vocabulary - Present simple and habits - Third conditional - Conditional Sentences - Article and use of A/An
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Vocabulary + Would + regret: the little tree 1/2


    A) WOULD, the deceiver, has different "values", meanings that we're going to study here...

     

     

     

    I) "THE CONDITIONAL" : = (SIMPLE 'FUTURE IN THE PAST')

      In a sentence, when the context and the main clause are in the past, WOULD, the auxiliary of the "conditional", is in fact, « a future in the past»!    the "CONDITIONAL"=  subject + WOULD + verb base.

    - He said he would help you, and for sure, he will! (introduced by the past "he said")

    2) WOULD also expresses WILLPOWER, a CHOICE, a CONSENT, an INTENTION: it is here modal auxiliary expressing willpower: = (WILLPOWER)

    - I wanted him to help you, but he wouldn't! (= He didn't want to!) 

     *  Negative form: 'wouldn't' is then stressed and expresses a refusal, an obstination, a negative promise.

     - He said he was too busy and wouldn't come ! (= he refused to...)

    The refusal can even be used for inert objects which, because they are motionless seem to express their obstination to oppose human beings' desires! 

     3) The third form of would is the one that you never recognize and use!   It corresponds to an attitude or a repetitive behaviour: it's called the frequentative form... This would often indicates the somewhat ritual, if not obstinate, repetition of facts which seem to be the characteristics of a person, like a HABIT:= CHARACTERISTIC HABIT

    - She was a chatterbox and would spend hours on the phone! (introduced by "she was")

    - My grandmother would cuddle me and tell me stories every night before I went to bed.

     * The ‘past conditional' or ‘conditional perfect' is formed using: WOULD+ HAVE+ past participle of the verb; the main cause is in the past perfect.

     - Really, I would have understood better if you had explained a little more to me. 

     

    B) REGRET WISH is used to express the REGRET of a PAST ACTION and the UNREAL PAST.

     1) The REGRET of a past action: * I wish + modal past perfect.

      - I wish he had bought a blue car instead of a red one! 

      2) The unreal past:

      - If he had asked me (the action is past and he has asked nothing to me.= It's too late...), I would have helped him.

      It's the UNREAL MODE, but the action is in the PAST=> UNREAL PAST = IF + past perfect=> would have + past participle. 

     (Don't forget! the past perfect= had + past participle;  the modal "conditional" = would + have + past participle .)

     

      C) VOCABULARY :

      1) Character and feelings: 

     To be proud= gratifying To be outraged= offended 
     To be humiliated= to mortify  To be discontented= dissatisfied 
      To be humble= modest Humility= being humble
     To be thrilled= excited To be infuriated= very angry
     To be jealous= resentful To be bored= weary by dullness 
     To grumble (express complaint) To bear= to hold, support

     To have a sense of humour

    = feeling what's funny 

     To be monotonous

    = lacking in variety

     

    2) Trees and wood-work:

     A pine tree= an evergreen tree  
     A fir tree= another evergreen tree 
     A trunk= the main stem of a tree 
     The roots develop downwards into the soil 
     Leaf-> leaves 
     The foliage= leaves of a tree or plant
     Wood-cutters cut trees An axe= the wood-cutters' tool
     Bark= the outside of trunks Branches= divisions of the trunk of the tree 
      A mast= a pole holding sails To sail= to travel on water

     

                                                                      

     

    Be very careful when doing the following exercise. First, though it's easy, it's very long (and you should have a pause when doing it! Don't forget to "save" your work). Then, you should choose the necessary vocabulary (Very easy! ) and the verbal forms expressing regret. Finally, each time you meet "would', you'll have to give its value (choose between "(future in the past), (willpower), and (characteristic habit) like in the lesson above. Go for it!  The FORCE is with you! 

     

     



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    Once upon a time, in a huge and beautiful forest, fir trees were growing: big ones, and a very little one. The air was pure, and the animals in the forest were pleasant to live with and talk to. The young would jump over the tree as a game... He was so small... But the beautiful little tree didn't have a sense of . It him... The little tree was always and he would say : 'I wish I in a lively neighbourhood. I'm . I would like my life to be less .' Yet, quite often, little children came to pick berries in the forest, and they would sing and dance for this 'beautiful, little tree'. The tree was sad and when he heard such words: he wanted to leave the forest and discover the big world... but what can you do that when you're a tree, solidly planted in a magnificent forest? His best friends, the sun and the wind, would teach him the importance of happiness. But he wouldn't stop wanting more and didn’t stop grumbling...

    One day, the came and their big bit into the of the tall trees, his friends. They were taken away into large wagons. The little tree wasn't sad, but jealous, and because he hadn't been chosen.
    He imagined the wonderful things that would happen to his lost friends. His other friend the , told him later that he had flown over a majestic ship and heard two pine speak about him and the marvellous forest. How much he'd like to around the world on seas and oceans and enjoy the real life... Yes, he was an unhappy little tree!
    Another day, the wood-cutters came again and the fir tree was quite . Yet, hurriedly, the axes cut into the many young trunks and once again the fir tree grumbled and wished to go to his future glory!
    (to be continued...)

     

     

                                                                                                



     








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