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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #23072: Adverbs
* In structure, we can distinguish 3 types of adverbs:
a- simple: just, only, well, near, down, yet.
b- compounds: somehow,however.
c- derivational: quickly,clockwise, eastwards.
* We usually form an adverb of manner by adding -ly to an adjective.
Examples: slow - slowly
possible - possibly
Not all the words ending in -ly are adverbs.
For example:friendly, lovely,lonely, silly, ugly
these words are adjectives.
* Some words have the same form in adjective and adverb function. Don't confuse them.
Fast, hard, early, late, daily, monthly, loud
Compare: Serge has a fast car. (adjective)
Serge drove fast. (adverb)
1- Adverbs give information about an action. For example, adverb of manner, place and time (describe how,where or when something happens).
2-They modify an adjective or another adverb.
3- They connect two sentences (e.g conjunctive adverbs).
*Position of adverbs and adverbial phrases
1- Adverbial phrases which say how,where and when often go in this order:
manner place time
Example: They danced very well at the concert last night.
2- After verb of movement, we often put expressions of place first
Examples: Arco is always late.
He has never surfed web.
3- We place adverbs in initial position to show emphasis.
Examples: Usually,Renata doesn't arrive before 8.30.
Never have I seen such a thing.
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