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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #25577: An extraordinary tree
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Nature [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - In the sea - Animals and pictures - Fruit-trees - In the garden-vocabulary - Flowers - Vocabulary: Sea animals - Vocabulary : Animal sounds/cries - Birds and their nests
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    An extraordinary tree


                                     Ginkgo   Biloba

     

     

    A living fossil

                  The ginkgo is the world's oldest living species of tree.It is the only survivor of a family that existed more than 200 million years ago and kept company to the dinosaurs.

                                                                                                                                                    

                                                   

     

    It survived the crisis which exterminated them. However Ginkgo trees eventually vanished in most regions.

       They were, in fact, thought to be extinct until rediscovered in the 17th century in eastern China. The buddhist monks venerated them, that's why they still exist.

       The oldest European Ginkgo would have been sown in 1730 in Utrecht National Garden.

     

    Description

              Ginkgo Biloba trees are dioecious ( male and female trees ). They grow up to 40m and can have a long life span 1,000 or older.  The oldest tree is about 3,500 years old.

    This Ginkgo is 2,500 years old ( China )

     

    These trees can't be classified, they are neither coniferous nor leafy. They have atypical leaves looking in no way like anything else.

        The leaves  

                  They are fan-shaped with a split in the middle, hence two-lobed . ( biloba comes from bi - lobed )

    In spring the leaves are light-green

                                                                          but will suddenly turn a pure dazzling yellow in Autumn

                                                                                                                                          

          The fruit

                     The seed has the size and the appearance of a small apricot when mature.

    What makes the Ginkgo tree so special ?

            It has incredible physical qualities

                     This tree is particularly resistant to insect pests and fungal, viral or bacterial diseases.

                     It's also resistant to fire and radioactive radiations. Ginkgoes that were in the worst of Hiroshima bomb are still alive.

                   This Ginkgo is situated 1100m away from the blast center. When he rebuilt the destroyed temple which was there the architect divided the stairs to protect the tree.

                    Ginkgoes tolerate urban pollution as well so they                         

                    are commonly planted to line streets

             Medical uses

                       An extract is prepared from the dried green leaves. Worwilde millions use this extract for better health. It increases blood circulation to the entire body especially the brain. It increases memory and functions that diminish as we age.

             Ginkgo does appear to be  a fountain of youth

                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                         

     





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    1. Ginkgo, according to the fossil record, appeared as a species

    2. In history Ginkgo is native of

    3. The oldest European Ginkgo is years old.

    4. A close Ginkgo relative is

    5. Ginkgo leaf extract is said to

    6. The Ginkgo tree is dioecious, it means that

    7. They are often planted to line streets because

    8. According to the text and photographies do you think that a Ginkgo grows up









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