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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #34885: Conditional clauses
0 : If + present simple + present simple
Used to express general truth and things, which always happen whenever the condition exists.
Eg: If you heat water, it turns to water vapour.
If you practise sport, you definitely lose weight.
If I am late home, my parents get worried.
1 : If + present + will + verb (inf)
Used when something is possible now and possible in the future.
Eg: If you go home late, your parents will be worried.
They will certainly help you if you ask them
2 : If + simple past + would + verb (inf)
Used for a situation which is impossible now but possible in the future, it is the conditional of dream, of hypothetical situations.
3 : If + past perfect + would have + past participle .
Used for something impossible now and impossible in the future.
(because the action had already taken place, it is all over, finished)
It is the conditional of regrets
English exercise "Conditional clauses" created by lucile83 with The test builder
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