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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #4876: In case or if
In case or if
In case or if
• Ann might phone tonight. I don't want to go out in case she phones. (= because it is possible she will phone)
• I'll draw a map for you in case you can't find our house. (= because it is possible you won't be able to find it)
We use just in case for a smaller possibility:
• I don't think it will rain but I'll take an umbrella just in case. (= just in case it rains)
Do not use will after in case. Use a present tense for the future
• I don't want to go out tonight in case Ann phones, (not 'in case Ann will phone')
- In case is not the same as if. We use in case to say why somebody does (or doesn't do) something. You do something now in case something happens later.
· We'll buy some more food if Tom comes. (= Perhaps Tom will come; if he comes, we'll buy some more food; if he doesn't come, we won't buy any more food.)
· You can phone me at the hotel if you need to contact me.
· You should inform the police if your bicycle is stolen.
You can use in case (+ past) to say why somebody did something:
Put in case or if:
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