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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #50118: Relative pronoun That
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Pronouns | Relative sentences [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test : grammar for beginners - Relative pronoun - What, which and all that - Whose and use - Who's... / Whose... - That or What - Relative clauses - Relative pronouns
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Relative pronoun That


    The relative pronoun 'that' seems easy to use, and yet its use can sometimes be problematic.

      That can be used in place of other relative pronouns.

      That can sometimes be omitted.


    The relative pronoun 'that' is required after certain words such as:

     Everything, anything, nothing, the thing

     Only, all

    Superlatives


     To understand how to use relative pronouns, it is necessary to understand the notion of essential and non-essential clauses.

    An essential relative clause is one that is essential for the understanding of the sentence.


    Compare :

     The men who/that are working here are scientists.

    If you omit who/that are working here you have the sentence: the men are scientists, which doesn't make any sense by itself, so this relative is essential.


     The man named Henry, who is working here, is a scientist.

    If you omit who is working here you have the sentence: the man named Henry is a scientist,  which makes sense on its own, so this relative is non-essential.

     

     When a relative pronoun 'that'/'who' is essential to the understanding of the sentence, you can use either that or who.

    The boy that gave you this book yesterday is my cousin.

    The boy who gave you this book yesterday is my cousin.

      The two phrases that / who gave you this book yesterday are essential to the sentence

             The red-haired boy , who is laughing, is my cousin.

    The clause who is laughing is not essential, it doesn't add anything. In this case, you cannot use 'that'.


    In the 3 examples below, the relative pronoun is non-essential; you can use whom, that or omit it entirely:

    The girl whom he met last week  is very nice. (non-essential relative)

    The girl that he met last week is very nice. (non-essential relative)

    The girl he met last week is very nice. (non-essential relative)


     Whereas :

    The old lady, whom you saw yesterday, was a famous actress.(essential relative)

    His new computer, which he bought last week, is very expensive. (essential relative)

    In the two examples above, the relative pronoun is non-essential, we can't omit it and we can't use 'that' .



    Let's go to the exercise !






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    English exercise "Relative pronoun That" created by lucile83 with The test builder
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    1. This is the only film scares me.

    2. This handsome man, drives the red car, is my boss.

    3. This is the most gorgeous evening I could spend with him!

    4. He can guess everything you are thinking.

    5. When I see Mike next Monday I'll tell him all I think of him.

    6. The house has such a beautiful garden is my son's.

    7. Mrs Smith, is very rich, has bought a castle.

    8. Sorry, I can't give you the only thing I haven't got.

    9. Oh, Tommy, this is the best idea you've ever had !

    10. His old car, is being repaired, will soon be mine.









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