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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #53911: Past tenses
|The infinitive||Present participle|
|To + verb|| verb + ing|
verb+ d or ed
Mind the irregular verbs
|To close ,To walk||Closing, Walking ||Closed ,Walked |
|To take||Taking||Taken |
|Simple past||The rule||Example|
He was/he drank/he went/he played
Yesterday, last week, last month, last year, a month ago....
verb+d or ed
I visited New York City a month ago.
He ate chicken yesterday.
James smoked for most of his life.
(Maybe for 30 years)
Did + verb
Did you find the answer?
Did not (didn't)+ verb
I didn't find the answer.
I did not find the answer.
Did not (didn't)
Yes, I did.
No, I did not (didn't).
|Past Continuous (Progressive)||The rule||Example|
he was playing/he was eating
All night, all day, while, yesterday..)
Was / were+ verb+ing
I was reading a novel yesterday evening.
(I spent the whole evening reading)
I was reading a novel, while he was playing.
(At the same time)
They were living in Moscow.
(Now, they live in London)
| ||Note |
We can use the past simple and the past continuous in the same sentence.
I was reading a novel, when the phone rang.
|We were playing games, when she arrived.|
|Past perfect||The rule||Example|
He had played/he had gone
I had finished my work by nine o’clock.
I had played games before I went to bed.
(Two actions: one action before the other one )
|Past perfect continuous ||The rule||Example|
He had been playing
He had been going
Had+been+ present participle
Really, I was very tired! I had been revising all evening.
I had been waiting for James for thirty minutes when he finally arrived.
(James arrived after thirty minutes )
Exercise: Choose the right answer.
End of the free exercise to learn English: Past tenses
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