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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #5524: Question words (1)
Question words (1)
Questions about the subject
When we ask questions about the subject of a sentence, the word order in the question and the answer is the same:
Ben designed this house.
Who designed this house?
/ Who built this house?
• We use what, who, which, whose and how many in-questions about the subject.
Questions about the object
Questions about the object need an auxiliary verb (do, have, is, etc.) before the subject:
Wren designed this cathedral.
What did Wren design?
• We use what, which, who, whose, when, where, how often, etc. in questions about the object.
Here is a summary of question words with examples:
Position of prepositions
• Note the change in the position of a preposition in questions about the object:
I gave the book to John, becomes: Who did you give the book to? or To whom did you give the book? (= formal)
She sent the letter from
What or which?
We use what when the choice is open. We use which when there is a limited choice:
What colour do you like? (= open choice)
Which colour do you prefer, red or blue? (= limited choice)
What countries have you visited? (= open choice)
Which countries in
Ask a question about the information brackets in each of the following sentences using who, what, how, which or another question word.
Example: There 's (a litre) of milk left.
==> How much milk is left?
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