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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #87986: Plane and flight
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Journeys [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - At the station - At the airport - Dialogue : At the customs - Camping-Vocabulary - Holidays vocabulary - Means of transportation - Around the world in 80 days - Vocabulary: fly away...
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Plane and flight


     
    History

     

    Many people have always wanted to fly, like birds.


                

    Some of them tried to fly with wings.


               

     In 1783 the Montgolfier brothers made the first demonstration of their hot air balloon.


                 

     At the end of the 18th century Otto Lilienthal was the first man to make successful gliding flights. (glider = planeur)


          

     In December 1903 Orville Wright flew the first airplane, the Flyer.


          
    In 1909 the first aviation meeting was held in Cambrai and Blériot crossed the English Channel.




     Today's aircraft



            Airplane Parts

     1. cockpit
     2. fuselage
     3. jet engine

     4. wing    wingspan
     5. stabilizer
     6. vertical stalilizer
     7. rudder
     8. elevator pitch
     10. aileron
     11. spoiler

      landing gear
      joystick
      tank  / The fuel tanks in almost all aircraft are in the wings.

    Aileron roll.gif
    Movement caused by the use of elevators Movement caused by the use of ailerons       wingspan       propeller


     Vocabulary


           G-CIVB apres l
         airfield
         airport
      runway
      tarmac (GB)
        illuminated beacons
       
        control tower
      

        wind-sock
      

     escape slide
     


     to take off  to land  stopover jet lag  domestic flight
     to taxi
     
     emergency exit
     
     airsickness
     
     touchdown  sound barrier
      

     





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    English exercise "Plane and flight" created by lili73 with The test builder
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     During a flight the captain and his co-pilot sit in the .

     In a few minutes the plane will be allowed  to the runway.

     The passengers will have to fasten their seatbelts while the captain prepares to .


     To pilot the plane the captain doesn't use a steering wheel but a   which allows

    him to move the ailerons and elevators.


     

     Poor David he suffers from  .

     This problem affects him every time he goes on an airplane.


    Pilots identify airports at night by looking for rotating .

    Approach lights increase a pilot's chances of seeing the runway and making a safe  .


    The   must be extended when the plane is five miles out from the runway.

    At the end of a flight  the pilot will make a smooth and successful .


    What was the name of the Wright Brothers' aircraft ?


    In what year did they make the first powered flight?









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