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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #93134: Ways of cooking
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Food [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Fruits and vegetables - Eating out-Vocabulary - Fruit and vegetables - English idioms: Food II - Fruit-trees - Cooking : Verbs-adjectives - Vocabulary: let's have breakfast - Fruit in crossword
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Ways of cooking


     
     

    (There are a few words in French, but I think that you can understand them with the photos)


     to bake   to cook in an oven without extra fat, especially bread, cakes, pastries.

     
     a baker 
     baked potatoes
     to roast   to cook, especially meat, in an oven or over a fire.

     to roast 

     to roast coffee beans

     to boil    to cook in boiling water (100 °C)
     

     
     to boil down 

     To cook pasta put them in boiling water and stir. If you don't stir
     during the first moments of cooking they will stick together.

     to stir      to stick 

     to fry     

     to cook food in hot oil, or fat 

     To cook chips (French fries US) you use a deep fryer.

     You fry a steak in a frying-pan.
     
     A steak can be cooked 'rare'
     'medium'  or 'well done' 

     to steam to cook food by heating it in the steam from boiling water

     The most healthy way to prepare vegetables is to steam them.

     To steam vegetables you can use a steaming basket over boiling water.
              (a container with holes on the bottom)
     
     or a steam cooker

     To simmer to cook something slowly in hot liquid kept at or just below
     the boiling point.(85 °C / 95 ° C) 
     to make tea pour simmering water over the tealeaves.
     
     
     
     to poach to cook an item by submerging it in a liquid that is just
     bareley simmering.(75 °C / 85 °C)

     The easiest way to prepare delicious salmon steaks or fillets is to poach 
      them in white wine seasoned with fresh dill.

     to season     dill

     to whisk to stir-fry  to flip over



     How to cook an egg ?


     According to the legend the 100 folds of the chef's hat (toque) are said to represent
     the many different ways he knows to cook an egg.

      I don't know if there are really 100 different ways to cook an egg 
      but you can read below some of these ways.

     

     An egg contains a yolk and a white enclosed in a shell.
       yolk      shell


     A hard-boiled egg
     A soft-boiled egg in an 
    eggcup
     
    poached egg
    scrambled egg 
     

     Cook for 10 minutes
     in boiling water.
     Cook for 3 minutes
     in boiling water.
     Crack an egg and cook  for
     3-5 min. in water at about 80 °C
     Fry a whisked egg in a pan.
     Stir while it is cooking.

     A sunny-side up egg
     An over-easy egg 
     
     An over-hard egg
     
     A shirred egg (or baked egg)
     
     
     Fry in a pan with yolk left runny.
     (le jaune reste liquide)
    Flip the egg over and fry the
    other side for a few seconds.
     Flip the egg over and fry the
    second side until the yolk is solid.
     Bake the egg into a greased ramekin
    until the yolk begins to thicken. 


     How to poach an egg.

     

     1. Bring a pan of water to the boil
      and add a dash of vinegar.

     2. Turn the heat down. Crack each egg
      into a small bowl or cup.

     3. Gently immerse the bowl as you tilt
      the egg into water.

     4. Turn heat back up and poach
      for 5-6 minutes.

     5. Use a slotted spoon to remove the
      poached egg and serve.

     * dash = small amount (un filet)
     * plonger doucement le bol dans l'eau
      pour verser l'oeuf.
     * slotted spoon = écumoire

     The eggs must be fresh. The fresher they are, the better they will poach. Take the eggs out of the fridge for at least 20 min.
     before poaching them.
     Vinegar is optional, it will help the egg white to congeal more easily, but if you don't like the taste, omit.

     In the recipe above the water is boiling. It's better to bring the water to a simmer and then to cool it down a little (80 °C)

     To poach an egg you can use an egg ring
       egg ring Put the ring into the pan. Pour the egg into the ring.


    Exercise: Choose the right words.





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     1.

     Grandma was a very nice person. I loved her a lot.

     She was a wonderful , everybody knew her  skills.

     She had an antique wood fired .

     A very old  book with torn pages was always open on the kitchen table.

     The most memorable dish she made were pancakes  in bacon fat.

     I can still remember the smell of those delicious cakes.

    2.

    Mum! Will you my favourite chocolate cake for my birthday?

    Tom is  a marshmallow over a campfire.

    To  maple sap into maple syrup takes a long time. 

    3.

    The difference between poaching, simmering, and boiling is just a matter of temperature degrees.

    In which case is the temperature around 90° C ?


     At Easter,  eggs can be painted and used for decoration. 

    Which of the following is not a method of preparing eggs?








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