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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #94907: Scotland and culture
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: United Kingdom [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Kate, Kensington Palace and Queen Elizabeth II - Wedding-Kate & William - William and Kate's Love Story - Royal Baby, it's a boy - Differences between the USA and Canada - Scotland - Great Britain - 'William I' (William the Conqueror)
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Scotland and culture



    New Year in Scotland
    There are many customs associated with Hogmanay (the name given to the last day of the year):- 'first-footing' involves being the first person to cross the threshold of a friend or neighbour.
    - Singing 'Auld Lang Syne' - a traditional poem by Robert Burns


     



                
           

     Scotland is part of  Great Britain (Great Britain = England + Wales + Scotland)
     and of the United Kingdom (UK = GB + Northern Ireland).
     Scotland shares a land border to the south with England (this border is not very far
     from the wall that was built in 122 AD during the rule of Hadrian (Roman emperor).
     It is bounded by the North Sea on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west.

     Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited

     Capital City: Edinburgh
     Major Cities: Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dundee

     Highest Point: Ben Nevis

     Floral Emblem: The Thistle

     National Day: St Andrew's Day (30th November) 
     Burns' Night is an annual celebration of Scotland's national poet Robert Burns.
                            (25th January)

     National Animal: The Unicorn


     The Official Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom  
     On the left the shield is supported
     by the English Lion.
     On the right it is supported
     by the Unicorn of Scotland.

     In 1296, Scotland was under the domination of Edward I King of England

     William Wallace (Braveheart  (1272 - 1305)

     Wallace is a national hero.
     He was one of the main leaders during the
     First War of 
     Scottish Independence.

     In 1297, he defeated the English forces at Stirling Bridge.

     Taken prisoner, he was executed in London in a barbarous manner.

                                                                                      The Battle of Stirling Bridge


     

     Robert Bruce (1274 - 1329)

     He was crowned King in 1306. In 1307 he began a campaign to drive
     the English out of Scotland.
     Bruce is considered one of Scotland's greatest kings, as well as one
     of the most famous warriors of his generation. 
     

     The Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 was an especially important
     Scottish victory.

     In 1328, a treaty recognized the independence of Scotland.
     (After Bruce's death,
    the 2nd War of independence took place between 
     1332 and1357.

     James VI (1566 - 1625) 

     He became King of Scotland at the age of thirteen months.
     In 1603, he succeeded Elizabeth I who died leaving no heir.
     He then became King of England as James I .
     
    He was the first king to rule over Scotland and England.

     In 1605, he escaped the Gunpowder Plot organized by a group of Catholics.

     However the kingdoms of England and Scotland were individual sovereign states.
     Both countries would remain separate for another 104 years.

     

     They wanted to blow up the House of Lords.



     Flag of the kingdom of Great Britain

    (used until 1801 when the UK was created)

      During the following years, England and Scotland had one monarch but two parliaments
      and two flags.

      In 1707, the Act of Union was signed, the Scottish parliament was dissolved.
      England and Scotland became one country.

      The red cross of St. George, combined with the blue background of  the
      Scottish flag, gave the flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain.




      Famous Scots 

     Alexander Graham Bell
     
    (1847 - 1922)

    Robert Burns 
    (1759 - 1796)

    Sean Connery
    (1930 - )

     Arthur Conan Doyle
    (1859 - 1930)

    Inventor of the telephone . Poet  
     (Auld Lang Syne)
    Actor, best known as 
    James Bond
    Author. 
    creator of the detective
    Sherlock Holmes.
     Walter Scott 
    (1771 - 1832)

    Robert Louis Stevenson 
    (1850 - 1894)

    Alexander Fleming
    (1881 - 1955)  

    James Clerk Maxwell
    (1831 - 1879)

     Writer and poet
     (Ivanhoe)
     Author
     (Treasure Island)
     Biologist
     discovered penicillin
    Mathematician and Physicist


     





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     Choisir la réponse correcte
     Choose the right answer.


     What is the capital city of Scotland?

     What do you call someone who was born in Scotland? 

     What colour is the official Scottish national flag?

     What is the name of the cross drawn on this flag?

     When did Scotland unite with England to form Great Britain?

     What flower is the emblem of Scotland?

     Which famous Scot do Scottish people celebrate on January 25th?

     Which of the Scottish kings was also the first to become King of England?

     What are sporrans?

     What is a kelpie?


    Who was 'Braveheart' ?
                                                                       

    Which battle did he win? The battle of


     Where can you see these standing stones?

     What's the name of this castle?                           

        


     Associer un nom à chaque image.
     Associate a name with each picture.


     


     



     








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