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When comparing two things one uses the comparative (previous lesson); however, for comparisons in larger groups, you must use the superlative. The superlative designates extremes: the best, the first, the worst, the last, etc.
A. It is the word "most" or the ending "--est" that designates the superlative.
B. The compared term (adjective or adverb) will be preceded by the definite article:
C. Unlike the comparative, the superlative is not followed by "than": instead, one uses "of," followed by the context of the comparison (although this context is sometimes implicit):
adjectives (and several common two-syllable adjectives) take the
ending "--est" in superlatives of superiority, and thus
will not use the adverb "most." However, these same adjectives
will use "less," like other adjectives, in superlatives
>If the adjective ends in "--y" the "y"
>If the adjective ends in "--e" one adds only
>If the adjective ends in "single vowel + consonant,"
the consonant is doubled and one adds "--est":
Fill in the blanks with a comparative or a superlative :