Back to the site to learn English
Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #119088: Causative clauses: making someone do something
> Other English exercises on the same topic: To have someone do something [Change theme]
> Similar tests: - 'Make someone do'/'Have something done': (a little further) - Make someone do/ Be made to do - Causative clauses and passive form with Have - Causative Form - To talk someone into / out of doing something ... - Do / Make - Make or have + infinitive - Make, Have, Let
> Double-click on words you don't understand


Causative clauses: making someone do something


                                            CAUSATIVES: TO MAKE somebody DO something/ To HAVE something DONE.

 

 

In English, when a person wants to express the idea that someone's working for him/ her (somebody is making someone do something, or that someone is getting/ having something done,) he doesn't realise the predicament a French person is in. It may be the same in other languages. (I've noticed many non-French-speaking learners make the same mistakes as French people...) Let's compare: 

1) Kyle made his younger sister work. 

2) Kyle had his younger sister driven home.

In sentence 1, the verb in the infinitive has an active meaning:  The young sister has acted! She has worked!

In sentence 2, the verb in the infinitive has passive meaning: The young sister has endured the action! She was driven home.

 

Once that distinction between active and passive forms has been made and understood, things are becoming much simpler! 

 

1) With an active meaning, use 'TO MAKE someone DO': => to make someone do something=  to make + object + infinitive without to 

- To make us lose weight, they starve us. 

Chris will make us miss our train if he doesn't arrive now. « us » is the DOC (direct object complement) of 'make' and the subject of 'miss'.

 The subject of the sentence and of the main verb (make) is initiating the action, but not doing it himself/ herself.

  In the United States, and in other countries, or regions, 'make' is often replaced by 'have' in that construction: The police had the witness tell them what he saw.

  The construction with 'to make', often implies a coercive nuance:

-  I will make you work! (= Otherwise you wouldn't!)

   In the passive form, this construction needs a complete infinitive => to be made TO do something

- He was made to hand over the money he had stolen. 

                     

2) With a passive meaning use TO GET/ HAVE something DONE: = Subject + get/ have + object + past participle

- My parents got/ had the living room repainted.

- They had a new school built. 

In those two sentences, the actions were passive: The living room was repainted. The school was built. The actions were really endured.

The attention is focused on the action and its result.

- Dad will have his car repaired at the garage because he can't do it himself. 

- Mum had/got her purse stolen and reported it at the police station. 

                                                                     

 3) A few cases are exceptions... (alas!) and will have to be learnt because they don't obey the 2 rules!

- to grow flowers or vegetables; 

- to keep somebody waiting

- to be run over (by a car)

- to get oneself invited;  ......and especially:

- to make oneself understood/ heard/ obeyed/ respected.

Now, it's your turn to decide whether you'll use one expression or the other in the following sentences...

Go for it!  

  





Twitter Share
English exercise "Causative clauses: making someone do something" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
Click here to see the current stats of this English test

Please log in to save your progress.


1. You should apologise for being rude. If you don’t, you’ll be it and you’ll be ashamed of the humiliation.


2. I like this teacher. Of course, he a lot, but he’s quite passionate and interesting.


3. Tomorrow afternoon, I’ll take Silky to the vet’s . He won’t like it.


4. During the rugby match, Philip was tackled and .


5. When I arrived in Italy, I couldn’t understand a word of what was said and it was very difficult to .


6. Mum would like , but she’d like it painted blue and I want it black…


7. Please, be sure to leave on time not to . He doesn’t like it.


8. 'Look at this old block of flats... I was told that they last week.'


9. When she had a flat tyre, Mum managed by the neighbour…


10. 'I know that he refuses to do it, but don’t worry, I'll , whether he wants it or not.'










End of the free exercise to learn English: Causative clauses: making someone do something
A free English exercise to learn English.
Other English exercises on the same topic : To have someone do something | All our lessons and exercises



(copyright http://www.tolearnenglish.com All rights reserved)-It is forbidden to reproduce, republish, redistribute, resell or translate any materials from this site in either machine-readable form or any other form.