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  'HYPONYM' is a word that donates a type or kind of something.


  For example:

  Dog, cat, monkey and snake are hyponyms of animal (i.e they are words for different kinds of animals)

  Boxer, bulldog, poodle, spaniel and greyhound are hyponyms of dog ( they are the names of different types of dogs).



  In this table, blue and black are hyponyms of colour and indigo, navy blue and sky blue are hyponyms of blue.

  Following table would further clarify this concept :






Indigo, navy blue, sky blue




Charcoal, ebony, jet




Saw, hammer, soldering


iron, drill




Furniture &




Tables, alarm clock, bucket,

candle, dustbin, pictures,

mobile phones




Shops and





Biscuits, potato scones,


pancake, fruitcake





Investment, accounts, loans






Maize, corn


Some other plants


Bamboo, yeast




Bird of prey, songbird, game




Eagle, dove, chicken,

cuckoo, crow, cockatoo


Now attempt this exercise carefully.

Good luck! 


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English exercise "Hyponyms" created by ayesha with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from ayesha]
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1. I need a new table. Do you know where there's a good shop?

2. I must buy some scones. Where's the nearest ?

3. I need some money. Where's the nearest ?

4. We need some sugar. Pop along to the for me, will you?

5. I bought some lovely flowers at the on the way home.

6. I can't eat this. It has pecans in it and I'm allergic to .

7. Lots of people keep birds as pets. My mother has a .

8. Indigo is a variety of .

9. Ebony is a variety of .

10. Jet is a variety of .

End of the free exercise to learn English: Hyponyms
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