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-ing form

-ing clauses


Kate is in the kitchen making coffee

Kate is in the kitchen, she is making coffee.



Joe hurt his knee playing football.

Joe hurt his knee while he was playing football.



Joe hurt his knee while playing football.




Having found a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner.




After finding a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner.


Taking a key out of his pocket, he opened the door.



Feeling tired, I went to bed early (because I felt tired)
Being unemployed, he hasn’t got much money. (because, he is unemployed).






Exercise :

Sentences 1 to 5 :

Example : John was playing football. He hurt his knee = Joe hurt his knee playing football.

Sentences 6 to 10 :

Example : She finished her work. Then she went home = Having finished her work, she went home.

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1. I was watching television. I fell asleep.

2. A friend of mine slipped and fell. He was getting off a bus.

3. I was walking home in the rain. I got very wet.

4. Laura was driving to work yesterday. She had an accident.

5. Two firefighters were overcome by smoke. They were trying to put out the fire.

6. She has not a car so she finds it difficult to get around. (attention à la négation)

7. We bought our tickets. Then we went into the theatre.

8. They had dinner and then they continued the journey.

9. After I'd done the shopping, I went for a cup of coffee.

10. Sarah has travelled a lot. So she knows a lot about other countries.

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