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Adjectives and adverbs



      Adjectives are describing words. They tell you more about nouns.


a young boy          a nice girl              this mouse is small     my dog is brown



      Adverbs are words that modify a verb   (ad-verb; ad: near)

                  adverbs often answer three questions :    How?      When?     Where?

               Tom drives slowly              we know 'how' he drives     (drive:verb)

                     It rained yesterday          we know 'when' it rained    (rain: verb)

                    Jim is falling downstairs         we know 'where' he is falling   (fall: verb)


     adverbs can also modify an adjective or another adverb:

        It is too cold!   (cold: adj)            He speaks very quickly  (quickly: adv)



ADVERBS ending with the suffix -ly

 ----  Adverbs are often formed by adding ly to an adjective

                   slow => slowly                  beautiful => beautifully

        Tom has a slow car   (adj)      so he drives slowly   (adv)

        This bird is beautiful and it sings beautifully


                   adjective                         adverb

                    nice                                  nicely

                   serious                             seriously

                   careful                              carefully

                   loud                                   loudly

                   quick                                 quickly

                   easy                                  easily              change y to i and add -ly

                   happy                               happily     

                   terrible                             terribly             drop 'le' before adding 'ly'

                   horrible                            horribly  

                   terrific                             terrifically            for adjectives ending in 'ic' add 'ally'

                   economic                        economically

                   due                                  duly                        silent 'e' is dropped in 'true'   'due '   'whole'

                  - - - - - - -                          - - - - - -

 tip:  not all words ending in -ly are used as adverbs:

           friendly, kindly and lonely are adjectives as well.                    

----there are some important exceptions:

               adjective                          adverb

                 fast                                  fast

                 early                                early

                 low                                   low                  that plane's flying too low

                 hard                                 hard          'hardly' is not the abverb from hard, it means 'not much'

                                                                               he can hardly walk

                 late                                 late               'lately' is not the adverb from late, it means 'recently'

                                                                                have you been doing anything interesting lately

                 good                              well                       the adverb form of good is well

                                                                                     Youki is a good dog   /   Sarah is a good student

                                                                                     I do not feel very well  /   Sarah is doing well at college


---- do not use 'very' with adjectives like excellent , extremely, fantastic

  ( if something is excellent or perfect there is nothing better, so you can't say very excellent or very perfect)





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Tom is a boy. He climbed up the ladder .
Bob sings . He is a singer.
Have you seen that film 'A Quiet Man' ? John Wayne acted .
He and his partner were actors
Your room is a complete mess. I want you to tidy it up .
Sorry, I can't do it in the future, I am very busy.
Mark is very good at languages. He learns English .
He thinks English is an language.
My brother has bought a car.
My mother is not pleased at all because he drives it very .

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