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Verbs in past simple or present perfect

 En anglais, les verbes sont en majorité réguliers. ( look, looked, looked )

 Il existe environ 300 verbes irréguliers. Certains de ces verbes sont fréquemment utilisés.
 Il faut donc les apprendre par cœur.

 L'origine des verbes irréguliers est historique. Les verbes nouvellement créés sont réguliers.





                                                   To be, was, been...


To be, was, been
To fly, flew, flown

To hit, hit, hit
Did, done !
To be, was, been
To fly, flew, flown  
To hit, hit, hit
Did doooone !

To forget, forgot, forgotten
To break , broke, broken
To buy, bought, bought
C'est le prétérit !
Yeah Come on !

Do you understand the power of the PRETERIT
Yeah Come on !

   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


To forgive, forgave, forgiven
To shake, shook, shaken
To buy, bought, bought
C'est le prétérit !
On the school !


    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 Come on!
 Come on!


to fly (voler)               to hit (frapper)     to do (faire)                      to forget (oublier)
to break (casser)    to buy (acheter)   to forgive (pardonner)   to shake (secouer)

                                                  Quelques verbes irréguliers

take: prendre
put: mettre
tell: dire
give: donner
read: lire
keep: garder
begin: commencer
let: laisser
hear: entendre

cut: couper
eat: manger
run: courir
bring: apporter
become: devenir
grow: grandir
draw: dessiner
show: montrer
mean: signifier

blow: souffler
build: construire
fight: se battre
hide: (se) cacher
meet: rencontrer
ride: faire du vélo (cheval)
sink: couler
speak: parler
strike: frapper
teach: enseigner
win: gagner
write: écrire


 This man is a teacher. He teaches mathematics.  I know your brother Peter very well.
 Last year he taught physics too.  I knew Peter at  primary school.
 But he has never taught biology.  I have known him for years.  

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Mettre les verbes entre parenthèses au prétérit.
Complete with the past simple of the verbs in brackets.
 Yesterday Tom  a castle at school. (draw)                
Last week, Mary  me some roses. (bring)
Icarus too close to the sun. (fly)
The Titanic an iceberg and sank. (strike)
A massive earthquake San francisco in 1906. (shake)

Ecrire le participe passé des verbes entre parenthèses. 
Write the past participle of the verbs in brackets.
 Tom has already castles at school. (draw)            
 My parents have to London by Eurostar. (go)
 Bob is sad, we have   his birthday. (forget)
 Freddy is in hospital, he has his leg. (break)
 Jim Lovell has  to the moon twice without landing on it. (fly)


Compléter avec les verbes entre parenthèses ces phrases au passif.
Complete the sentences in the passive voice with the verbs in brackets.
 Katie's hair was for the first time when she was five. (cut)
 In 1883 the explosion of  Krakatoa (Indonesia) was as far away as Perth, Australia. (3 100 km). (hear)
 I have been his name but I can't remember it.(tell)
 These apples are always by worms. (eat)
 A prize will be  to whoever solves this very difficult equation. (give)


Ecrire l'infinitif (sans to) des verbes en bleu .
Write the infinitive of the verbs in blue (without to).
 David shook the bottle before opening it.
 The teacher used another word that meant  the same.
 The Egyptian pyramids were built to house the bodies of  Pharaohs.
 Friesans were ridden by Teutonic Knights and used as war horses for the crusades.
 These people have spoken , but what did they say?


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