http://www.ToLearnEnglish.com - Resources to learn/teach English (courses, games, grammar, daily page...)
> The plu-perfect is formed with the auxiliary HAD, followed by the past participle of the main verb:
He had always wanted
to travel in Africa.
> The plu-perfect shows that the action has been done before another action (in the past). Adverbs such as "already" reinforce this impression.
She learned to love the dog that had
bitten her the week before.
I would not have come if I had known
he was ill.
> With the adverb "just", the plu-perfect indicates the immediate past in a past context:
He had just eaten lunch when I arrived.
TEST - Fill in the gaps with the verbs (plu-perfect):
1. I went to Paris two days ago. I ___________________ (already / to be) to Europe several years before.
2. I ate the apple I _________________ (to buy) in the supermarket.
3. _________________ you _________________ (to do) your homework when your friend arrived?
> Answer 1: Yes, I _________________.
> Answer 2: No, I _________________.
ANSWERS 1. I had already been to Paris. 2. I had bought. 3. Had you done your homework... Yes, I had. No, I hadn't.