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Two presents: present continuous, present simple
PRESENT CONTINUOUS (BE + -ING) vs PRESENT SIMPLE
PRESENT (BE + -ING)
|Main use||Action which is being done at the same moment||Permanent situations; regular habits and daily routine; feelings|
AUXILIARY BE + verb ending in -ING
eg: I am playing, you are playing, he/she/it is playing, we are playing, you are playing, they are playing
|In the positive form, add an 's' to the base form.|
eg : I play, you play, he/she/it plays, we play, you play, they play
|Exceptions||1) If the verb ends in '-e', remove the '-e': smoke -> he is smoking|
2) If the verb has one syllable AND if it ends in 'consonant-vowel-consonant', double the final consonant: run -> running
|1) If the verb ends in 'ch', 's', 'sh', 'x', 'z', 'o', add '-es' to the base forme of the 3rd p sg: she goes, he catches|
2) If the verb ends in -y preceded by a consonant, change the '-y' to '-ies': study -> he studies.
eg: I am not playing
|Use DO NOT / DON'T or DOES NOT / DOESN'T (3rd p sg)|
eg: I don't play, she doesn't play
|Questions||Auxiliary BE at the beginning of the question|
eg: Are you playing football?
|Auxiliary DO or DOES at the beginning of the question|
eg: Do you play football? Does he play football?
|Short answers||Use BE|
eg: Yes, I am. No, he isn't.
|Use DO or DOES|
eg: Yes, I do. No, he doesn't.
Conjugate the verbs between brackets. Use the present simple or the present continuous.
Warning: only NEGATIVE contracted forms are accepted.
Examples: we don't accept ''They're playing'' (write: They are playing) BUT we accept ''They aren't playing''.
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