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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #28: Pluperfect
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Plu-perfect [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Past perfect - Choosing your past tense... - Life accident 1 - Past Perfect Simple or V-ing - Life accident 2 - Dream and Back to reality 2/2 - Past Perfect - Dream Holiday 1/2
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Pluperfect


    pluperfect:


    I) How to build:

    🔹'had' +  past participle:

    He had always wanted to travel in Africa.


     She had already left when Philippe arrived.


     I bought the book that Corinne had recommended to me.



    🔹 Questions / Answers  / Negations:

    Had you been to London before?
    Yes, I had.
    No, I had not (hadn't) been to London before = 
    No, I hadn't.


    🔹When there is an adverb (already...), it is put between the auxiliary and the past participle:

    I had already been to London before.



    II) How to use:
    🔹 Action before another action in the past.

    She learnt to love the dog that had bitten her.


    When I got home, I had already heard the bad news.


    The children ate all the cookies that their father had bought.


    🔹Can be used in hypothesis clauses:

    I would not have come if I had known he was ill.



    🔹
     "just" with recent actions:

    He had just eaten lunch when I arrived.



    > EXERCISE :

    Conjugate the verb between brackets:





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    I went to Paris two days ago. I (already/be) to Europe several years before.




    I ate the apple I (buy) in the supermarket.




    (you/do) your homework when your friend arrived?


    Short answer: Yes, I .


    Short answer: No, I .










    End of the free exercise to learn English: Pluperfect
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