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I) How to build:
🔹'had' + past participle:
He had always wanted to travel in Africa.
She had already left when Philippe arrived.
I bought the book that Corinne had recommended to me.
🔹 Questions / Answers / Negations:
Had you been to London before?
Yes, I had.
No, I had not (hadn't) been to London before = No, I hadn't.
🔹When there is an adverb (already...), it is put between the auxiliary and the past participle:
I had already been to London before.
II) How to use:
🔹 Action before another action in the past.
She learnt to love the dog that had bitten her.
When I got home, I had already heard the bad news.
The children ate all the cookies that their father had bought.
🔹Can be used in hypothesis clauses:
I would not have come if I had known he was ill.
🔹 "just" with recent actions:
He had just eaten lunch when I arrived.
> EXERCISE :
Conjugate the verb between brackets:
English exercise "Pluperfect" created by webmaster with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from webmaster]
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