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This / That / These / Those
This - That - These - Those
> "this" is used for an object (singular) which is near the interlocutor.
Example: This book is the best book on Earth.
> Plural: "these" (several objects).
Example: These books are the best books on Earth.
> "that" is used for one object (singular) which is far from the interlocutor.
Example: That is his car over there.
> Plural : those (several objects)
Example: Those are his toys over there.
> "there" is used for one object (singular) which exists - or "is" (near to us).
Example: There is (There's) a table next to the window.
> Plural: "there are"
Example: There are many of my friends at the party tonight.
1) Use "those" for things/people you don't like.
I don't like those friends.
I don't want to buy those stupid books.
2) How to use when it is followed by a singular and a plural?
There is an elephant and two dogs. (agreement with: 'an elephant')
There are two dogs and an elephant. (agreement with: 'two dogs')
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