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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #291: This / That / These / Those
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: This or That? [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Relative pronoun That - This / That - This-That-These-Those - This, these, that, those - This/That - Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns - Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns. - This/ These/ That/ Those
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    This / That / These / Those

    This - That - These - Those

    > "this" is used for an object (singular) which is near the interlocutor.

    Example: This book is the best book on Earth.

    > Plural: "these" (several objects).

    Example: These books are the best books on Earth.

    > "that" is used for one object (singular) which is far from the interlocutor.

    Example: That is his car over there.

    > Plural : those (several objects)

    Example: Those are his toys over there.

    > "there" is used for one object (singular) which exists - or "is" (near to us).

    Example: There is (There's) a table next to the window.

    > Plural: "there are"

    Example: There are many of my friends at the party tonight.

    1) Use "those" for things/people you don't like.
    I don't like those friends.
    I don't want to buy those stupid books.

    2) How to use when it is followed by a singular and a plural?

    There is an elephant and two dogs. (agreement with: 'an elephant')

    There are two dogs and an elephant. (
    agreement with: 'two dogs')

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    1. John: Could you please give me record on the table over there?

    2. Mike: Do you want record here?

    3. John: Yes, record.

    4. Mike: Here you are. Oh, could you give me pens on the table over there?

    5. John: ? Sure, here you are.

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