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How to pronounce the final -ED? (past simple)
How to pronounce the final -ED (preterite / past simple) in English?
1) Identify the final sound of the base verb:
'play' ends in /ei/
'start' ends in /t/
We use "/.../" to show it is a sound.
Warning, we are speaking of the final sound - not the final letter. The sounds are interesting here, not the letters.
the verb 'fix' ends in the SOUND /s/ because we pronounce it: /fiks/
(the letter "x" is not interesting here")
2) Follow the rules:
===Rule 1) /d/ (general rule), we pronounce the verb as if there were a "d" at the end.
lived, arrived, enjoyed, played...
===Rule 2) /t/ after the sounds: /p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /api21*/, /api22*/.
worked (son /k/), watched (api22*), stopped (/p/), washed (api23*)
===Rule 3) /id/ after the sounds /d/ and /t/:
decided, started, wanted, needed
How do you pronounce the final -ED in these verbs?
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