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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #577: How to pronounce the final -ED? (past simple)
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: | Past | Pronunciation [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Past simple or present perfect - Past tenses - Past simple (video) - Modal : may/might - Past simple or continuous - Placement test 1 - Pronunciation of final S - Main stress
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    How to pronounce the final -ED? (past simple)

    How to pronounce the final -ED (preterite / past simple) in English?

    It's easy.

    1) Identify the final sound of the base verb:

    For example, 
    'play' ends in /ei/
    'start' ends in /t/


    We use "/.../" to show it is a sound.

    Warning, we are speaking of the final sound - not the final letter. The sounds are interesting here, not the letters.

    Example :

    the verb 'fix' ends in the SOUND /s/ because we pronounce it: /fiks/

    (the letter "x" is not interesting here")

    2) Follow the rules:

    ➡️ Rule 1)  /d/ (general rule), we pronounce the verb as if there were a "d" at the end.
    ved, arrived, enjoyed, played...

    ➡️ Rule 
    2) /t/ after the sounds: /p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /api21*/, /api22*/.

    worked (son /k/), watched (api22*), stopped (/p/), washed (api23*)

    ➡️ Rule 
    3) /id/ after the sounds /d/ and /t/:

    decided, started, wanted, needed

    👨🏻‍🏫How do you pronounce the final -ED in these verbs?

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    English exercise "How to pronounce the final -ED? (past simple)" created by webmaster with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from webmaster]
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    1. listen ? -> listened: //

    2. clean ? -> cleaned: //

    3. look ? -> looked: //

    4. work ? -> worked: //

    5. want ? -> wanted: //

    6. close ? -> closed: //

    7. accept ? -> accepted: //

    8. smoke ? -> smoked: //

    9. stay ? -> stayed: //

    10. visit ? -> -> visited : //

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