|> Other English exercises on the same topic: Conditional and hypothesis [Change theme]|
|> Similar tests: - Conditional - Conditional clauses - Hypothetical sentences: tenses - Third conditional - If or whether - Will and Would: a little further - Future and Conditional - Future perfect and past Conditional|
|> Double-click on words you don't understand|
There are three basic types of conditional sentences in English.
Type 1: Future Real
meaning: Refers to a situation that may or may not happen in the future.
Form: If + simple present ... , will + base form of verb.
Example: If I have any free time, I will meet with you.
(I may have some free time, but I am not sure I will.)
Type 2: Present or future unreal
Meaning: refers to a situation that does not exist in the present and/or will not exist in future.
Form: If + simple past ... , would + base form of verb.
Example: If I had any free time, I would meet with you.
( I am sorry. I do not have any free time.)
Type 3: Past Unreal
Meaning: Refers to a situation that did not happen.
Form: If + past perfect ... , would have + past participle.
Example: If I had had any free time, I would have met with you.
( I am sorry that I did not have any free time.)
Conditional sentences enable a speaker or writer to communicate many different ideas, among them are:
1. to make predictions.
If I study hard this quarter, I will get good marks in every class.
2. to discuss mistakes in the past.
If I had studied more last quarter, I would have got better grades.
3. to express dreams.
If I were rich, I would travel around the world.
4. to give advice.
If I were you, I would save money instead of wasting it.
5. to make apologies.
If I had known you were waiting for a call, I would not have stayed on the phone so long.
Exercise: use the contracted form when possible.
English exercise "Conditional Sentences" created by anonyme with The test builder
Click here to see the current stats of this English test
Please log in to save your progress.
End of the free exercise to learn English: Conditional Sentences
A free English exercise to learn English.
Other English exercises on the same topic : Conditional and hypothesis | All our lessons and exercises