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Other / (the) others ...
1) ‘OTHER' : = Indefinite adjective + noun (singular or plural) => like all adjectives, it remains in the singular.
* 'Other' is used to refer to a person or a thing which is different from the one already mentioned or known.
ex : I went home with Tom and Jim, but the other boys stayed at the party.
* 'Other' also expresses the people remaining in a group : ('other + noun in the plural'). It can then be followed by ‘one'.
ex : Two of my kids went to school by bus, the others (the other ones) were driven there by their uncle.
* When there are two elements, 'other' can represent the alternative, the second possibility.
ex : He put on his right shoe, and then the other one.
ex : They have two sons. One is a doctor, the other (one) is a lawyer.
* Used as an adjective, with a number, 'other' precedes the number :
ex : I took ten photos : eight coloured ones, but the other two were black and white. ('the two others' was possible; then, 'others' is a pronoun.)
2) THE OTHER(S) = INDEFINITE PRONOUN : (Replaces a noun and takes the characteristics of this noun.): it is preceded by a determiner. It takes the mark of the plural :
'the other one' = singularr the others / the other ones = plural
ex : Some students were listening, others were talking and laughing !
ex : I've had Paul on the phone. Can you call the others, please?
ANOTHER : Indefinite adjectifve or pronoun , when it's used with an indefinite article, 'an + other' must be written in one word only = ANOTHER.
ex : Could you please give me another glass of water, please?
ex : Don't worry ! The problem will be solved one way or another.
* EVERY OTHER DAY : Be careful whenever you use : 'every other...'. It may either mean 'all the others' OR it may also mean 'one out of two'.
ex : I can't imagine why you haven't got your book. Every other boy's got one = (All the other boys.)
ex : Every other day of the week could mean, for example, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
* ON THE ONE HAND, ON THE OTHER HAND ... : is an expression which is used when you are comparing two different facts or two opposite ways of thinking about a situation:
ex : On the one hand, I love her deeply, but on the other hand, I can' t bear our daily routine ! I'm going to snap...
THE SEVEN DWARFS : SLEEPY (Dormeur) HAPPY (Joyeux) DOPEY (Simplet)
SNEEZY (Atchoum) GRUMPY (Grincheux) DOC (Prof) BASHFUL (Timide)
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