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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #106564: Rescue ....... 1/2
Rescue ....... 1/2
Once again, I'll be telling you a story : Remember, the tense of narration is the simple past.
ex : Around him everything was illuminated by innumerable lights.
ex : He looked around and saw the neon lights against the darkening sky.
* As usual, if two simultaneous past actions happened at the same time, then :
the long (and important one) is in the -ing preterite and the short action interrupting it , is in the simple past.
ex: The standing man was looking down while a crowd gathered and the traffic was stopped..
* If a past action happened before an action in the simple past, it must be in the past perfect simple (or in the past perfect in -ing if we want to insist on the duration of the action ) :
had + verb in the past participle or had + been + verb + ing
ex: The man had been up there for long hours.
ex : The rescuers had been trying to help him for long minutes ...
* The - ing forms express :
- an action in the making, whether it is in the present ( present in -ing), or in the past ( -ing preterite or past perfect)
ex : The suicidal man was looking down, tempted to jump down into the void ...
* the postures of the body :
ex : The policeman was leaning against the wall while the man was sitting on the edge ...
* If you have to use the simple future, remember that it doesn't get on well with the past ...Rather use the 'conditional' would + verb
ex : If the man jumped, he would kill himself in the middle of the crowd down below ...
* If you need to use a modal auxiliary can => could and may=> might and must => have to
* or modal forms : as if/ as though + modal pasts (indicating what's unreal, what doesn't exist in the present reality and is imagined.)
ex : He was standing as if he had nothing to lose in the world ...
* In the test, you will meet idioms : To talk somebody into doing something = To persuade somebody to do something - or not to do it - To talk somebody out of doing something.
... and now, ...you're ready for your test ! In spite of the suspense ... keep calm !
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