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Should ... (Step 2)
As we have already seen studying the first part of ‘should’ test: it mainly expresses an idea of constraint, and especially of limitation of the subject's freedom. It has the same value as the subjunctive, especially in the United Kingdom. It expresses a suggested action, or an imposed or prevented one , an action which looks very unlikely, or is criticised …
It is used to express :
1) An aim, a purpose : so that / in order that
ex: She fastened her kid's seat belt so that he should travel safely.
2) An idea of fear : in case / for fear that / lest ...
ex: The mother held her daughter's hand, in case she should cross out of the traffic lights.
3) A very unlikely hypothesis : if / suppose and, in a former style after inverting the subject and the verb.
ex : If anyone should call / should anyone call, I wont be available before 10. Sorry !
4) A suggestion/ an order : To suggest / to order/ to insist / to request
ex : I suggest he should keep quiet during the lecture.
5) Many impersonal expressions :
- It’s necessary / important / essential / it’s a pity / extraordinary / unlikely / likely / incredible / I don’t see why / there’s no reason why / I’m surprised that.
- and after adjectives expressing an emotional reaction in front of a situation :
ex : delightful / shocked / furious / normal / abnormal / wrong.
ex : He's shocked that you shouldn't comply with his request immediately.
In conversation, and in standard spoken English, the infinitive proposition is preferred:
ex : It's important for him to be at his best for the show.
BEWARE ! As it was mentioned at one moment of this lesson, this 'should form' (which is required in European exams) is mostly British. In American English, it is most of the time, replaced by the 'subjunctive' (which is now starting to reappear in the United Kingdom).
It's formed simply, using : I suggest + subject + verb or in case + subject + verb
As you may imagine, this construction is often built wrongly, especially in the third person singular where the verb MUST NOT HAVE an -S since it's NOT in the simple present!
ex : I suggest he go without me ! ; It's necessary that she do the work immediately ; I'm coming with you in case she forget ('forgot' = modal preterite indicating what is unreal, or just imagined) the appointment !
Now, it's your turn ! have a good test !
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