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From Kansas City to Tulsa : What for? (1/2)
Once again, I'll be telling you a story: remember, the tense of narration is the simple past.
ex: Jesse arrived in Tulsa after a painful two weeks' walk.
* If an action started in the past and is still taking place (or has a result) in the present, the verb must be in the present perfect : Have/has + verb in the past participle
ex: Jesse has hoped to be given a job for 6 years.
* IMPORTANT ! If an action happened before a simple past, it must be in the past perfect simple (or in -ing if the speaker wants to insist on the duration of the action.)
had + verb in the pastparticiple or had + been + verb + ing
ex In order to give Tom a good impression, Jesse had washed a little at a water fountain.
ex: He had been walking for two weeks from Kansas City to Tulsa.
* The - ing forms express:
- an action which is in progress, in the present ( present in -ing), or in the past (preterite or past perfect in -ing)
ex: When Jesse arrived, Tom was working at his desk.
- the positions of the body:
ex: Jesse was standing, exhausted by his long walk, while Tom was sitting.
* If you need to use a future, remember that it doesn't get on well with the past ... You should use : a conditional : would + verb
* Yet, here, in the test, you'll need a future in the particular context of ' potential if clauses ' : if the verb of the main clause is in the future, the verb in the subordinate introduced by 'if' will be in the present ( simple present or present perfect).
ex: I'll be so happy if you give me the job ! Jesse said.
* You'll use the conditional : would + verb and the past conditional : would + have + past participle if the main clauses are in the preterite, or in the past perfect.
ex: If Tom gave Jesse a job, it would be a real relief for the whole family ...
* Don't forget that there may be .... one or two present tenses !
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