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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #107665: How to make wishes...
How to make wishes...
1 : A wishbone => Etymology: 17th Century: from the custom of two people breaking apart the bone of a chicken breast) after eating: the person with the longer part makes a wish.
1) To wish is used in different phrases to express 'desires' and achievable wishes.
ex : I wish you a Happy New Year.
ex : He was given everything he could wish for ...
* We can also express wishes with the use of the 'conditional' :
ex : I wish it wouldn't rain when we go for a walk.
ex : I wish you would stop making fun of people.
If the subject is a person, 'would' is used when the realisation of the action depends on the willpower of the person;
if not = I wish he could give an answer to this question.
It is also possible to use a modal preterite which insists on the unreal aspect of the situation.
ex : I wish my children worked more at school. = if only my children worked more.
2) We can also express wishes thanks to the verb 'to like' in the contitional.
ex : I would like Peace and Freedom to be realities in the whole world...
3) In order to express a wish, the verb 'to hope' is sometimes used and has several constructions:
ex : I hope he will understand what he has done to you.
ex : Let's hope nothing serious will happen...
ex : I hope to find the solution to help you!
4) The subjunctive also expresses wishes and desires in a formal language.
ex : God save the Queen!
ex : May you be happy!
There are also set expressions and literary structures :
ex : Work with a will, happen what may!
If colloquial English is spoken, the imperative is commonly used:
ex : Enjoy yourself! ; 'Open up!'; 'Be happy!'
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