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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #107854: To sit or to sit down/ To stand or to stand up
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Human body | Idioms | Movements [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Describing a face - Human body - Human body-Vocabulary A1 - Vocabulary: the human body - Face (our) - Human skeleton - Idioms; human body - To go / To come
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    To sit or to sit down/ To stand or to stand up

    The verbs describing a position of the body are built with the -ing form

       -  to lie, I lay, lain => lying in bed.

                                                                    -  to sit, sat, sat => sitting on a chair or in an armchair.

                    to stand, stood, stood => standing

             -  to kneel, I knelt, knelt => kneeling

                    to crouch - crouching, to squat - squatting ; to line; These verbs must be handled with great care!

    They are accompanied, or not ..., by particles (adverbs) which totally change their meaning.



                  She's standing.    They're lining up.   He's sitting.       He's standing.

    1) Used without their particles : these verbs express a 'fixed' position (when the people are motionless). They 're formed with the verb + ing.

    ex: Look, he's lying in bed and his dog is sitting and watching him. 

    Peter's sitting on the floor. (=> He sits)

    John's standing in the middle of a crowd. (=> He stands)


    2) Used with the particle 'up', they indicate a rising movement; the particle 'down' indicates a descending movement.

    ex: He's sitting up. (He was lying in bed and got to the 'sitting' position.)

    On the opposite, 'He's sitting down' = He's making the movement of sitting. ( He was standing => He's now sitting.) 

    ex: 'Stand up'  

    ex: 'Sit down!' 

    ex: 'Kneel down!

    ex: To be upside down (what should be 'up' is 'down' and vice versa!)



    Well, well ! Now, let's try the test ! It's easy ... Go for it !

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    English exercise "To sit or to sit down/ To stand or to stand up" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    1) all day long isn't good for you; try to for a few hours, and then, I'll help you if you want.
    2) Stop , now, but you have correctly, with your back upright.
    3) Mary at her desk for at least an hour ... She has a lot of homework to do.
    4) Seeing you in bed for such a long time is unbearable! quickly now, then and stretch...
    When you're really and wide awake, do not immediately. to do the required exercise. You need it and it'd do you good!
    5) Look at the little girl who's among books... The book she's holding is ! Isn't she funny? comfortably, Lily, and I'll read a story to you...

    End of the free exercise to learn English: To sit or to sit down/ To stand or to stand up
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