Learn English 100% free...Get 1 free lesson per week // Add a new lesson
Log in!

Click here to log in
New account
Millions of accounts created on our sites.
JOIN our free club and learn English now!

  • Home
  • Print
  • Guestbook
  • Report a bug

  • Get a free English lesson every week!
    Click here!

    - Our other sites

    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #107949: Funerals in Celebes 1/2
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Journeys [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - At the station-Taking the train - Vocabulary: let's stay in a hotel - Dialogue : At the customs - Vocabulary: Holiday - Plane and flight - Vocabulary: fly away... - Camping-Vocabulary - Holidays vocabulary
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Funerals in Celebes 1/2

    En novembre 2014, nous sommes allés en Indonésie. J'ai choisi de vous faire partager quelques photos et informations concernant : Les ancestrales cérémonies funéraires aux Célèbes (1/2).  La leçon porte sur la compréhension et le vocabulaire du texte.


    Just a few pieces of  information before starting our trip :

    In 1909, when protestant missionaries arrived  in Sulawesi (les Célèbes) and the Tan Toraja region with Dutch colonists, the native Animist faith of the population changed.

    Nowadays, most of the Bugenese people (an Ethnic group in this Tan Taraja region) are Christians, and others are Muslims. However, they keep their ancestral, local beliefs called: the ancestors' way. These practises include some animal sacrifices, funeral rites and feasts.

    For Animists, souls and spirits exist in animals, plants and geographic elements. There is no separation between what is spiritual and what is physical. Even the material world such as the mountains, the rivers, the wind and the sun, are included in this definition.


    From Makassar, the largest city in Sulawesi, (Les Célèbes), we took mountain roads which reached the Tana Toraja region where the Buginese ethnic group live.

    All along the road, the spectacular view of rice terraces was breathtaking.

     We always drove through magnificent sceneries





    Before arriving at Ke'te Kesu located on the road of Rantepao, the capital of the Torajan region.

    Ke'te Kesu is a four-hundred-year old traditional village with its six houses called Tongkonan houses and twelve granaries. Nowadays this village is considered  a museum.


    The traditional houses are called Tongkonan. They are famous for their curved-shaped boat, their decorated front-gable (Bufallo's horns) and their paintings on the wall.

     (The information dealing with these ornamentations might be another subject)

    On the road to Rantepao we stopped at a cattle market. (Marché aux bestiaux, bovins, bétail)
    Look at this water buffalo: It has got all the characteristics to be chosen among other buffalos for the funeral feast.

    It has a nice black colour, fully-grown horns curved upward in a spiral. It is heavy-bodied, stockily built, large bellied, brown-eyed. However it should have blue eyes to be perfect!
    It has never been suitable for tilling rice field. Water-buffalos are considered  sacred animals and their role during the funeral feast is essential.

    This funeral feast unfolds in this way:

    When a Tarajan person dies, he or she is not buried like a Christian, but is embalmed and mummified with a substance made of vinegar and other products. The deceased person remains in the Tongkonan traditional house under the same roof as the family.

    The person is not considered to be dead but only very sick or intensely sound asleep.

    The relatives are pretending to feed the defunct person like a normal one and it is said that the soul of the deceased is lingering around the village during this whole period. This situation can take months and sometimes a year, because during this period the family takes time to raise money for the very expensive funeral ceremony. They must buy as many buffalos as possible, pigs, chickens in great quantity to pay a tribute to the deceased person and show their wealth.

    Then, the first part of the funeral begins. Normally only the richest and the most powerful inhabitants can afford to pay for such an expensive feast.
    Besides, the family welcome the whole village, the surrounding neighbours and even the tourists to pay a tribute to the deceased.

    On this occasion they erect a large sheltered platform or barn (grange) on a ceremonial site called Rante, located in a grassy-field (champ herbeux). Then songs, dances, poems and cries are employed to express grief. Then, the choice of the few best buffalos that will be sacrificed is made. The sacrifices of these buffalos are necessary because people believe that the sacrifice of buffalos makes the decedent's journey quicker to PUYA (The after-lifeworld).



    Mots et RELIGIONS

    Faith-Belief  (n) Foi-Croyance
    Animists (n)Les animistes
    Animism (n)L'animisme

    Animistic men (adj)       

    Des hommes animistes

    Adjectifs et EMOTION

    Breathtaking viewEpoustouflant

    Mots et NATURE

    Rice fieldRizière
    Paddy fieldRizière
    Natural settingPaysage

    Mots et MORT

    This person is deceased

    Cette personne est décédée

    This person is dead

    Cette personne est morte
    DeathLa mort
    To die Mourir
    He died ten years agoIl est mort il y a dix ans
    He has been dead for ten yearsIl est mort depuis dix ans

    Mots DIVERS dans le TEXTE


    The buffalo is tilling in the field

    Le taureau laboure dans le champ

    ( Syn)

    It is ploughing in the field

    Il laboure le champ
    To raise moneyRéunir des fonds
    To unfold a storyDévoiler une histoire
    To linger in a museumS'attarder dans un museum
    To tarry in a museum (littéraire)S'attarder dans un museum

    Les mots COMPOSES

    His eyes are blueSes yeux sont bleus
    A blue-eyed manUn homme aux yeux bleus
    A bully buffaloUn taureau ventru
    A bullied-buffaloUn  taureau au large ventre


    Twitter Share
    English exercise "Funerals in Celebes 1/2" created by taiji43 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from taiji43]
    Click here to see the current stats of this English test

    Please log in to save your progress.

    1. Most Bugenese people in the Tan Tarajan region are .

    2. True or False? The Animistic people adore the material world.

    3. What is the capital of the Tan Toraja region?

    4. Tongkonan in the Torajan region means: .

    5. How is a deceased person considered? She/he is considered to be .

    6. Why is the buffalo necessary for the deceased?

    7. This man for six months.

    8. In the vocabulary, tilling a field is synonymous with .

    9. If you are reluctant to leave a place, .

    10. A stocky man is .

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Funerals in Celebes 1/2
    A free English exercise to learn English.
    Other English exercises on the same topic : Journeys | All our lessons and exercises