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Whereas, Unless, Contrary to : contrasts
CONTRAST - DIFFERENCES :
In order to express a CONTRAST, a DIFFERENCE, a great number of link words can be used; their constructions and nuances are extremely varied…
a) UNLIKE = Differently, as opposed to…
ex: He never interrupts people when they speak, unlike his opponent.
ex: Unlike my brother, I have never driven my Dad's precious car!
b) CONTRARY TO + NOUN or pronoun WHAT :
ex: He wasn’t born in Paris, contrary to what he declared…
ex: Contrary to popular opinion, he was elected easily...
c) WHEREAS + clause = to express a contrast = An opposition between the result of the actions expressed about two persons, two objects, two ideas –
ex: I love meat and fish whereas my sister is a vegetarian!
ex: In a village, everybody knows everyone, whereas in NYC, you can go unnoticed!
d) INSTEAD OF + Noun/pronoun OR Gerund or possessive adjective:
ex: I’m sorry, he watched TV instead of doing his homework!
ex: Please, I'd like to be served meat instead of fish ...
e) ON THE CONTRARY - DIFFERENT FROM ; adjective OPPOSITE
ex: Yes! They’re twins, but Paul really insists on being different from Jim! (‘different… than’ is frequently heard in the USA)
ex: He told you to turn right and you took the opposite direction !
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