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Too much ... Much too...
1) MUCH indicates a big quantity of an uncountable substance or element (one that you can't count).
ex: There's so much snow on the roads at present...
- If the quantity becomes too big, much is preceded by TOO : TOO MUCH + uncountable noun = an excessive quantity
ex: There has been too much rain and the lakes are very high ...
- not much + uncountable noun = a little quantity
ex: Surprisingly, there wasn't much traffic when we arrived.
2) Another construction describing an excessive quantity is less frequent and is built with an adjective: = MUCH TOO + ADJECTIVE
ex: This car is much too expensive for me to buy…
ex: This case is much too heavy : you can't carry it!
In this construction, ‘MUCH’ has here the function of ‘increasing’, amplifying the adverb ‘too'; it is equivalent to ‘far too heavy’.
- There is even a 'funny' expression : ‘much too much’. It describes a real excess or exaggeration !
ex: He’s eaten much too much today… He’d better start a diet!
Easy, isn't it? In the following exercise, you will have to choose between TOO MUCH and MUCH TOO! A real gift to you!
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