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Adverbs: Where to place them? 1
How to place adverbs : GENERAL CASES
(In order not to make this lesson too long, the other cases will be studied in another lesson...)
I) A great number of adverbs are concerned:
A) The adverbs expressing frequency:
- often - ending - mostly, mainly
- always with - ly : - usually
- never - hardly, rarely/seldom
- sometimes - ever (positive meaning)
B) Other adverbs :
- also - only
- just - even
- soon - really, probably, certainly
- still - last
All these adverbs ( plus 'all', ‘both' and ‘each') follow the same rules:
II) For the verbs in the affirmative form, where do we place the adverb?
1) When the verb is composed of one only word: the adverb is placed in front of the verb.
ex : She'll soon learn what to do in such a case...
ex : His students often call him for help...
ex : Always wash your hands before eating!
2) Used with the verb to be, when it is in the present or the past, the adverb is placed after the verb.
ex : This student is always late ! I'm fed up with his behaviour!
ex : The kids were really calmer than the teenagers!
3) If the verb is composed of two words or more (auxiliaries, sometimes a modal one - compound tenses), the adverb is placed after the first auxiliary.
ex : He should always have been careful crossing the street !
III) What to do with interrogative and negative forms?
1) In the interrogative form, the adverb is placed after the subject :
ex : Do you always speak so aggressively?
ex : Does she often go out on weekdays?
2) In the negative form, the place of the adverb depends on the meaning:
ex : I don't only like her, I admire her too!
ex : I don't like her only, I like her sister too...
ex : Not only do I like her, but I also admire her/ but I like her sister too. (formal style demanding an inversion of the subject.)
ex : Even the teacher was tired and willing to go.
ex : The teacher was even outraged when the kid replied in such away ...
ex: The teacher even explained why it had to be that way...
Well ! You should be ready now ! Here's the test! Go for it !
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