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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #109049: What, which and all that
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Speaking | Conjunctions | Relative sentences [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test : grammar for beginners - Vocabulary: greeting people - Vocabulary: on the phone - On the phone - Interacting with someone - Relative pronouns: Who/whose/whom/which/of which - Dialogue : What time...? - Conditional clauses
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    What, which and all that

    WHAT / , WHICH  / + ALL THAT..;


    Here, we won't deal with interrogative pronouns, but with the two forms of relative-demonstrative pronouns (which, unfortunately are often expressed in the same way, in many languages, French included.) but which happen to be different and require a choice in English :


    1) WHAT : the relatif-demonstrative pronoun (similar to 'that which' includes its own antecedent). It's often placed at the start of a sentence or a clause, and can have the function of subject, or of complement


    ex : What is important to me is that he has given us the explanation. ( what = the subject of the verb) 

    ex : What I don't understand is that he keeps lying... ( Here, 'what' is the complement of the verb 'understand') 


    - When the relative-demonstrative pronoun is followed by the verb to be, this verb is made to agree with the noun which is following it

    ex : What the little girl liked most were the clowns and the elephants. 




    2) , WHICH : is including the whole part of a sentence, its antecedent has to be followed by a comma.


    ex : [He has given us the explanation], which is important to me ...(The antecedent is the whole part of the sentence between square brackets.)


    3)  ALL  THAT; WHATEVER; EVERYTHING... (NOT *** [all What ] )

    ex : Tom's parents give him all that he wants. /...whatever he wants. /everything he wants. 

    ex : All that she wants is to be loved! 



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    English exercise "What, which and all that" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    1. After the massive cheating during the test, I don't know the teacher will decide.

    2. Have you heard her? surprised us all is that she spoke Chinese fluently.

    3. I can't find my passport worries me a lot as my flight leaves this afternoon...

    4. I couldn't understand he was saying, but I got what was essential...

    5. His neighbours play the violin and the cello is really irritating him...

    6. He keeps on criticizing I'm doing. I'm quite fed up with that...

    7. He has forgotten I had asked him to bring back from France...

    8. He never listens to we are advising him to do...

    9. Really, I'm at a loss... I don't know to do. Can you advise me?

    10. He has finally passed his exam he is very proud of !

    11. I'll borrow I need to write my essay at the library. It will save money!

    12. He looked very embarrassed was quite funny...

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