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What, which and all that
WHAT / , WHICH / + ALL THAT..;
Here, we won't deal with interrogative pronouns, but with the two forms of relative-demonstrative pronouns (which, unfortunately are often expressed in the same way, in many languages, French included.) but which happen to be different and require a choice in English :
1) WHAT : the relatif-demonstrative pronoun (similar to 'that which' includes its own antecedent). It's often placed at the start of a sentence or a clause, and can have the function of subject, or of complement.
‘WHAT’ ANNOUNCES WHAT IS FOLLOWING;
ex : What is important to me is that he has given us the explanation. ( what = the subject of the verb)
ex : What I don't understand is that he keeps lying... ( Here, 'what' is the complement of the verb 'understand')
- When the relative-demonstrative pronoun is followed by the verb to be, this verb is made to agree with the noun which is following it:
ex : What the little girl liked most were the clowns and the elephants.
2) , WHICH : is including the whole part of a sentence, its antecedent has to be followed by a comma.
, WHICH IS SUMMARIZING WHAT WAS SAID.
ex : [He has given us the explanation], which is important to me …(The antecedent is the whole part of the sentence between square brackets.)
3) ALL THAT; WHATEVER; EVERYTHING… (NOT *** [all What ] )
ex : Tom’s parents give him all that he wants. /…whatever he wants. /everything he wants.
ex : All that she wants is to be loved!
Now, you should be ready for the test! Go for it!
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