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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #109995: Life accident 1
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: | Past | Passive voice | Plu-perfect [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Past simple or present perfect - Passive form - Past tenses - Past simple (video) - Modal: may/might - Past simple or continuous - Placement test 1 - Past perfect
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Life accident 1

    Here I am again to tell you a new story : remember, the tense of narration is the simple past 

    ex : Stofell was a white South African of Dutch origin,which means, an Afrikaner. 

     If two past actions happened simultaneously, then,  the long (and important) action is in the preterit  in -ing and the short  action  interrupting it, is in the simple past.

    ex : As rain was pouring and flooding the roads, Stoffel hurried to his shelter .



    * IMPORTANT !  If an action happened before another past action in the simplpast, that preceding action must be in the past perfect simple (or in -ing if you want to insist on the duration of the action:)

     had + verb in the past participle or had + been + verb + ing    

    - The past perfect refers to an action which happened BEFORE  a past marker. Thus, it is sometimes used to mix up chronological order ( narrative past) in order to create  flashbacks:

    ex : We may suppose that, as an Afrikaner, Stofell had been for apartheid and had racial prejudices.

    - the past perfect   can also be put in the   -ing form in order to insist on the duration of the action.

    ex : Stoffel had been driving for long when the storm broke out. 


    In this story, you'll need to use the passive form! (I know you don't like it,    ...) Here are the bases you must know: 

    (see test)


      Aborigenes                  were exploited                        (by Afrikaners).

     Subject of the passive form             BE Auxiliary + past participle                         by + Agent (often omitted in English)


    ex : During apartheid, coloured people were exploited and discriminated against. 



    - Don't forget the differences of construction and meaning between: 

    to remember something/somebody   = I remember meeting John.


    To remind somebody of something  = This picture reminds me of my infancy.  


    - An EXPRESSION to remember: 

    'There's no reason why + should + V '=>There's no reason why Coloured People shouldn't be equal to Whites.


    Here you are ... now, ready to face the test.  As you may have guessed, the scene takes place in South Africa, a few years after the end of apartheid. 



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    English exercise "Life accident 1" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    A terrible din... crashing... shattering glass, crunching metal, flashing lights, howling sirens... Blank...

    Muffled sounds, unpleasant smells, blurred visions, Inga's voice... it all, now... how flooded the road , how their shelter after the dangerous drive... Then, suddenly, headlights in front of him, towards his car...
    Stoeffel van den Berg was sure : 'The other driver ! Poor man, he was so young...' and then, nothing...
    ... and now, in his hospital room, he heard Inga telling him: 'The driver's wife consented to donate his heart, and ! You're fine now! You're saved! ', back into a deep slumber.

    When he emerged from his long long sleep again, a little less sore. Inga, smiling, at his bedside. ' the other driver black?' were his first words. ' Yes, he was! But his wife thought there was no reason why the two of you after all... The surgeon had explained to Stoeffel that the transplant a success, but because of internal injuries to live for more than 3, possibly four years, at best if it easy...

    (to be continued...)



    End of the free exercise to learn English: Life accident 1
    A free English exercise to learn English.
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