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Vocabulary: a few animals and the meat they give...
An advanced exercise on the Forum has proved to me what I hadn't imagined : you don't know your animals... and the meat (the flesh) that they unselfishly give us...
It started a long time ago... with William the Conqueror who fought and won the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and became King William Ist of England.
He brought with him numerous nobles from Normandy ; these people have transmitted lots of words of Norman origin and added them to English which had a strong Saxon influence . The Anglo-Saxon peasants would breed cattle [oxen , pigs, cows, calves, sheep , goats] and the Norman nobles would eat ‘beef', ‘pork', 'veal', 'mutton'...
'Ox' is the general word for ‘a cow', a heifer (a young cow), a bull (the male), a bullock(GB)/steer(US) (a castrated male), a calf (=> calves in the plural)), a buffalo, domestic and wild species... The word 'Ox' is not much used now.
A breeding farm (livestock farming) can specialize in: cattle farming, sheep farming, swine or pig farming, or poultry farming.
|A bull fight|
A herd of oxen (bullocks (GB)/steers(US)
A cow and calf
A calf (=> 2 calves)
Cow/bullock's meat = beef
Calves' meat : veal
Similarly, pigs and sheep changed names while they were becoming flesh to eat...
|A ram||Two acrobatic sheep.|
|A ewe and a lamb||The sheep's meat = mutton|
|A herd of sheep||A swine = a pig|
|Sows and piglets||The pig's meat = Pork|
|To breed, I bred, bred||a herd = a group of animals||a shelter = a protection|
|to wean = stop feeding milk||To graze = to feed on grass||a pen = a fenced area|
Now, you must be ready for the test! May the Force be with you!
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