Verbs are like "men"... Some are generous, "available", "helpful". You just have to add one or another particle (or preposition) to them and suddenly, they give you "new and often varied meanings". Most of the times, they are used in "standard English" or have equivalents in more formal and written language. It's important to know the most common ones so as to make sure you can understand and communicate totally and genuinely.
To take after
- He really takes after his father.
to take apart
- Tom is taking apart his model plane.
to take away
- Will you eat your cheese burger here, or take it away?
to take down
- The scaffolding is finally taken down.
- Don't forget to take down notes during the lecture.
to take in
- This lesson is very difficult to take in.
to take off
leave the ground
- Your plane will take off in about an hour.
to take on
- Our boss took on more than he expected at first in the project.
to take out
cause to suffer
- My parents took us out for their anniversary.
- Don't take your anger on me... I'm not responsible.
to take over
take responsibility for,
- The dictator took over his country after his coup.
to take to +ing
- He took to drinking after his divorce...
to take up
occupy space, or one's time
- I'm very taken up by my work, just now... I have no leisure-time...
- I'll take you through the process once again; then, you'll do it alone.
To look after
to take care of
- Can you look after the baby while I'm at the doctor's?
To look for
try to find
- I can't find my glasses... Can you help me to look for them, please?
To look forward to + ing
to expect impatiently
- He's looking forward to going back to his country and his friends.
To look down (on)
- Looking down on your co-workers isn't a correct attitude!
To look back
review past events
- I'd rather think about the future than look back on the past and be nostalgic!
To look like/alike
be similar to
- He looks like his father. Besides, his twin-sisters really look alike.
To look out
- You must look out where you put your feet when walking here...
To look through
- I didn't read that book... I simply looked through it and was quite interested.
To look to
take care of pay attention to
- Young kids look to their parents for protection and advice.
To look up (to)
show respect to
- A few heroes are important as role models. They should be looked up to.
To get across
make sb understand sth
- It was difficult for her to get her point across to her students, but they finally understood.
To get along (with)
- go away
- be on good terms
- We should be getting along now, or we'll be late.
- I'm happy to notice that you get along nicely with your sisters, now!
To get away
leave, run away
- Her only desire was to get away from that hell...
To get by
survive, manage to live
- He had lots of ideas and could get by quite easily.
To get down to
start doing, consider
- He'll only get down to his work when he's really motivated!
To get over
- You'll have to get over this break up. You will, with time...
To get up to
becoming to be stupid
- What are you getting up to? Nonsense, as usual...
To get through to someone
- speak on the phone
- I couldn't get through to her. I'll have to try again tomorrow.
A lot of THANKS to these "generous" verbs... Yet, let's "blame" them a little, only usage and learning will make you able to use them properly! Then, be courageous !