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Vocabulary: Let's have a drink
The so-called natural drinks (or beverages) are indispensable to life. Plants and animals, including men, need water to live and grow.
Because of the sun, and of the heat they may be thirsty and parched (=dry). In order to quench their thirst people must drink : they can do so in long gulps (to gulp), or on the contrary, enjoy and savour the drink. (a sip/to sip).
People can drink (straight) from the bottle, from a glass, or from a cup/ a mug. These glasses have very varied shapes and colours.
1) Natural drinks (beverages): water, milk.
|The baby's bottle||(Plain) water|
|Drinking/ drinkable/ water|
II) Non alcoholic drinks: fruit juices and sodas, etc. They are more or less "sweet" drinks. (They are not recommended, especially for kids, because of the excess of sugar in them). They now exist without (real) sugar (light sodas and zero calorie sodas.) This process is often no more than an incentive for customers to buy them and consume more than the ordinary sweet ones.
|Fruit juices||Soft drinks (sodas)||Lemonade|
III) Hot (or warm) drinks They are drunk during meals (especially in England), or between them. In Great Britain, tea, with a little milk, is drunk all day long. So is very light coffee in the United States.
|Herbal Tea||Milk tea|
|Hot chocolate||American coffee|
IV) Alcoholic drinks:
Some of these beverages are drunk either during meals, or aperitifs (pre-dinner drinks), cocktails, and during parties. In this lesson, they will be introduced ranging according to the degrees of alcohol.Paradoxically, (when you know that alcohol can be very dangerous), cheers ! or "here's to you!' or "to your health!" are wished to the participants before drinking together.
A person who doesn't drink alcohol is said to be "sober" or "abstinent" - because they abstain from drinking alcohol. They are called teetotallers or abstinents (= teetotal= a word created by R. Turner, Preston, England, in 1833). He advocated total abstinence of alcohol.
a Shandy (lemonade and beer)
Beer (ale or stout)
|White and red wines|
|Cocktails||Gin and tonic||Brandy|
Someone who has drunk a little too much will be tipsy. If they drank a lot more, they'll be drunk. If they run into the habit, they'll be drunkards. A very bad habit and "tradition" has developed among young people at weekends or during parties: stupid bets or challenges are organized, finishing in binge drinking, which is responsible for a lot of accidents.
In Europe, the rule is now to drink responsibly/ drink in moderation and to abstain from drinking before driving a car (or riding a bike) in order not to have an accident. DUI = Driving Under Influence = "the influence of alcohol".
Now, two idioms:
"You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink"
and one of my favourite expressions: "I drink like a fish!" - water, of course!
Well, well ... I hope you could make a judicious choice and will go on in the exercise. I also hope I've satisfied you... in moderation, of course!
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