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Vocabulary: tasting and enjoying
Every person can appreciate the different tastes of the food they eat or try in their mouths. Of course, the teeth are part of the process, cutting, pulling, grinding the food, they participate in its appreciation. Our gums must of course be clean and healthy. We mustn't forget that our noses play a part in this gustative process...
However, the real organ of "taste" is our tongue and it also helps to recognize our food and appreciate it.
As late as 2009, worldwide scientists still believed in a sort of cartography of our tongue which was supposed to be divided into specific zones to appreciate the different tastes. This phenomenon has now been denied and all the different zones of the tongue are known to be able to detect and appreciate the different tastes.
There are five tastes: sweet (sweetness), salty (saltiness), sour/ acrid (sourness/acridity), bitter (bitterness) and "umami" (umami) which corresponds to a discovery of the beginning of the 20th century. This fifth taste was identified in Asian food and is supposed to be the reason for old people's remarkable good health in the Asian Continent. It's an appetitive taste (sometimes considered as a food additive); added to other elements, it would guarantee a balanced nutrition and therefore the promise of long and harmonious health.
In the mouth, the food we eat chemically reacts thanks to taste receptive cells situated on the "papillae" (taste buds) of the tongue and the mouth.
The papillae of the tongue (taste buds)
|to taste of|| = have the same taste as ||to give someone a taste of stg||= to make someone taste|
|a flavour||= (of an ice cream)||to flavour||= to add and season|
|sweet to the taste||= pleasant to the taste||to sample||= taste a small quantity|
|to have a sweet tooth||= to love sweets||to relish, to enjoy||= to like very much|
|blind taste-test||= test without looking||to taste like||= have the same taste as|
What does it taste like?
|a nice taste||a bad taste|
|a sweet taste||= a taste of sugar||a sour taste||= an acrid taste|
|salty||= a taste of salt||peppery||= tasting like pepper|
|hot||= very strong taste||pungent||= very hot and strong|
|bitter||= not sweet||bitter-sweet||= both bitter and sweet.|
|delicious||= very good||tasty||= savoury|
|appetizing||= giving an appetite||luscious||= extremely good|
|palatable||= pleasant to the taste||mouth watering||= creating an appetite|
But it can also be ....
It can be delicious... but it can be acrid .... or even sickening!
|tasteless||= having no taste||bland||= wanting salt|
|insipid||= having no taste||cloying||= causing disgust|
|acrid||= stinging, bitter.||unpalatable||= unpleasant|
|disgusting||= distasteful||= sickening||= VERY unpleasant|
You can also taste in a figurative way...
|... in bad taste||in good taste|
|to be to everyone's taste||to have expensive tastes|
|a taste of success||a taste of happiness|
A few expressions!
- Taste the difference!
- It has great taste in small bites. = It's quite good, if you don't eat too much of it.
- To leave a sour taste; an "after taste".
- There's no accounting for tastes... = Everyone can have their own tastes.
I hope you didn't find this lesson too unpalatable and that it was to your taste...
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