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Vocabulary: childhood diseases
Before becoming strong and immune adults, newborns, children and then teenagers have to meet and face hundreds of viruses and microbes to which their bodies must get used to resisting.
To have a temperature/ a fever
To have a (common) cold
To have a runny nose
To have the flu (influenza)
A throat infection
An ear infection
To have nausea
To vomit/to puke/ to throw up
|To sneeze||to cough|
|a sore throat||to be hoarse|
|a handkerchief||a tissue|
|to blow one's nose||To be cured|
Here are the main ones:
|Whooping cough||Chicken pox||German measles/ rubella|
The most terrible of those viral diseases, which happened to be very contagious, was undoubtedly smallpox. It was the cause of many deaths in horrible conditions. It was declared "eradicated" in 1977 thanks to widespread vaccination.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. The vaccine content is made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe to inject. Therefore, the patient's boby is trained to fight against those diseases making antibodies.
The Calmette and Guérin Vaccine= against tuberculosis (TB)
MMR = measles - mumps- rubela
Getting and giving the shots of the different vaccines is not only an individual, but a collective protection: it helps eradicate dangerous illnesses!
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