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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #114812: Vocabulary: childhood diseases
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Frequent mistakes | Diseases [Change theme]
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    Vocabulary: childhood diseases


    Before becoming strong and immune adults, newborns, children and then teenagers have to meet and face hundreds of viruses and microbes to which their bodies must get used to resisting. 




    To have a temperature/ a fever    

        To have a (common) cold        

            To have a runny nose        

          To have the flu (influenza)          


              A sinusitis     

              A throat infection         

                 An ear infection              

              To have nausea         


    A gastroenteritis


     To vomit/to puke/ to throw up   

              To faint


     To sneeze to cough
     a sore throat to be hoarse 
     a handkerchief a tissue
     to blow one's nose   To be cured


                                                                                                 CHILDHOOD DISEASES



     Here are the main ones: 




                 Whooping cough                       Chicken pox           German measles/ rubella
                    Measles                  Mumps                  Scarlet fever

    The most terrible of those viral diseases, which happened to be very contagious, was undoubtedly smallpox. It was the cause of many deaths in horrible conditions. It was declared "eradicated" in 1977 thanks to widespread vaccination.  




    A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. The vaccine content is made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe to inject. Therefore, the patient's boby is trained to fight against those diseases making antibodies

    The Calmette and Guérin Vaccine= against tuberculosis (TB)

    MMR = measles - mumps- rubela



    Getting and giving the shots of the different vaccines is not only an individual, but a collective protection: it helps eradicate dangerous illnesses! 

    Here we are!   You're now ready to face the test and succeed with flying colours! 

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    1. I'm sorry I didn't accept the vaccine. Now, I'm lying in bed with , shivering with fever and with a terrible headache.
    2. His liver isn't working properly. Peter has and can eat nothing.
    3. can be deadly for newborns. Therefore, they should absolutely have the vaccine soon after birth.
    4. Though perfectly innocuous when very young, must be avoided for male teenagers and men since it may make them sterile.
    5. When Sandra , she hadn't had breakfast and couldn't breathe because of the excessive heat.
    6. Little Johnny has just and has a . Can you wipe it with for him, please? He's too young correctly.
    7. Pamela's and is quite . She must have a again and will need .
    8. Wash your hands carefully... If not, be aware that there's an epidemic of . You might catch it...
    9. He had eaten too much and in class. He's still not feeling too well now.

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